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The Influence of Initial Management and Family Stress on Metabolic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2010.12008    3,460 Downloads   6,643 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The aim was to assess whether temporal changes in the initial management for children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes over a ten year period affected metabolic control two years after diagnosis. A further aim was to investigate if social factors, registered at diagnosis, had an impact on metabolic control two years after diagnosis. During the years 1997-2006, 247 children and adolescents were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at a University Hospital in Sweden. The analysed data included HbA1c, pH at diagnosis, initial intravenous insulin infusion and length of hospital stay at diag¬nosis, subcutaneous insulin type, number of diabetes check-up visits, emergency visits, re-admissions and social factors. Length of hospital stay decreased significantly over the ten year period. Neither hospital stay nor differences in insulin treatment was significantly correlated with children’s metabolic control over time. Length of hospital stay was not re¬lated with families’ social stress situation. However, girls in families with more family stress at the time of diagnosis had higher HbA1c during follow-up than girls with less family stress or boys. Factors of importance for the child’s long-term metabolic control need to be further investigated so the initial management can be tailored to each individual family’s needs. This would imply an effective utilization of both families’ and health care resources.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

I. Tiberg, I. Hallström and A. Carlsson, "The Influence of Initial Management and Family Stress on Metabolic Control in Children with Type 1 Diabetes," International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2010, pp. 41-47. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2010.12008.

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