Share This Article:

Physico-Chemical and mineral analysis of composts fortified with NPK fertilizer, Ammonium Chloride and Kaolin

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:526KB) PP. 27-33
DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.22005    4,384 Downloads   8,690 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This work presents the physicochemical and mineral analysis of compost samples made from waste materials of cassava, vegetable, banana, orange, and cow dung fortified each with 100g of NPK, 100g of kaolin and 100g of ammonium chloride. Microbial analysis of the fresh compost samples revealed that the unfortified compost possesses more microbial load than the fortified samples. The physicochemical analysis showed that the kaolin fortified compost (KFC) has the highest ash content and phosphorus content while the unfortified compost (UC) contains the highest organic matter. All the compost samples have little nitrogen when compared with NPK chemical fertilizer. However, the fortification with kaolin, NPK and ammonium chloride increased the percentage of nitrogen over that of the unfortified compost by 38.8%, 56.23%, and 71.17% respectively. The fortification with kaolin, NPK, and ammonium chloride also increased the phosphorus content over that of the unfortified by 56.31%, 53.21% and 36.75%, respectively. The result of the mineral content showed that the fortification with NPK and ammonium chloride increased the magnesium content of the compost sample while fortification with kaolin increases the magnesium and calcium content. The nitrate and sulfate contents are reduced by the fortification with kaolin, NPK and ammonium chloride.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

"Physico-Chemical and mineral analysis of composts fortified with NPK fertilizer, Ammonium Chloride and Kaolin," Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 27-33. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2013.22005.

References

[1] Berwick, M.W.M. (1980) Handbook of organic waste conversion. Van Nostrand Reinhold, Wokingham.
[2] Akanbi, W.B., Olaniran, O.A., Olaniyi, M.A. and Sanusi, O.O. (2007) Effect of cassava peel compost on growth and nutritional quality of celosia (Celosia argentea L.). Research Journal of Agronomy, 1, 110-115.
[3] Salisbury, F.B. and Ross, C. (1969) Plant physiology. Wadsworth Publishing Co., Inc., Belmont.
[4] Neemat, M.A. and Khaled, S.M. (2012) Maximizing effect of mineral fertilizers compost and biofortified compost. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6, 482-493.
[5] Rizwan, A., Sher, M.S., Azeem, K., Muhammad, A. and Muhammad, H.M. (2007) Growth and yield response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and maize (Zea mays L.) to nitrogen and L-Tryptophan enriched compost. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39, 541-549.
[6] Daramola, D.S., Ogunnowo, A.A., Aina, D.A., Olawuyi, O.J., Agbolade, J.O. and Nwadike, J.C. (2011) Maize (Zea mays L.) growth and tissue response to organic manure and its mineralnitrogen fortifications. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science, 1, 47-54.
[7] A.O.A.C. (1990) Official Method of Analysis. 15th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[8] Pearson, D. (1981) The chemical analysis of foods. 6th Edition, J. & A. Churchill, Ltd., London.
[9] Ibitoye, A.A. (2006) Laboratory manual on basic soil analysis. Foladave Publishers, Akure.
[10] Pomeranz, Y. and Meloan, C.E. (1987) Food analysis: Theory and practice. 2nd Edition, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
[11] Relf, P.D. (1990) The Virginia master gardener handbook. Virginia Cooperative Extension Services, Blacksburg.
[12] Simmons, J. (1998) Earthworks and organic products balancing soil nutrition. Turnstile Publishing Company, Orlando.
[13] Ayoola, O.T. and Makinde E.A. (2008) Performance of green maize and soil nutrient changes is fortified cow dump. African Journal of Plant Science, 2, 19-22.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.