Share This Article:

Effect of Metabolic Reactions on Thermoregulation in Human Males and Females Body

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:321KB) PP. 39-48
DOI: 10.4236/am.2013.45A005    3,616 Downloads   5,890 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The paper describes the study of metabolic effect relying on dermal thicknesses of males and females for temperature distribution of the layers of dermal part at various atmospheric temperatures. The study has been carried out for one dimensional steady and unsteady cases using finite element method. Lower percentage of muscle mass and higher percentage of adipose tissue in subcutaneous part of females result lower metabolic rate compared to males. Metabolism is considered as a heat source within the body tissue. The appropriate physical and physiological parameters together with suitable boundary conditions that affect the heat regulations have been incorporated in the model.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Acharya, D. Gurung and V. Saxena, "Effect of Metabolic Reactions on Thermoregulation in Human Males and Females Body," Applied Mathematics, Vol. 4 No. 5A, 2013, pp. 39-48. doi: 10.4236/am.2013.45A005.

References

[1] K. Brm, F. Ajh and V. M. L. Wd, “The Thermoneutral Zone: Implications for Metabolic Studies,” Frontiers in Bioscience, Vol. 4, 2012, pp. 1975-1985.
[2] P. M Cryan and B. O. Wolf, “Sex Differences in Thermo regulation and Evaporative Water Loss of a Heterothermic Bat, Lasiuruscinereus, during Its Spring Migration,” Experimental Biology, Vol. 206, 2003, pp. 3381-3390. doi:10.1242/jeb.00574
[3] H. Kaciuba-Uscilko and R. Grucza, “Gender Differences in Thermoregulation,” Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, 2001, pp. 553-556.
[4] C. Guyton and E. Hall, “Text Book of Medical Physiology,” Elsevier, Noida, 2009.
[5] L. W. Weber and J. T. Pierce, “The Occupational Environment: Its Evaluation,” In: S. R. DiNardi, Ed., Control and Management, American Industrial Hygiene Associa tion (AIHA), Fairfax, 2003.
[6] H. H. Pennes, “Analysis of Tissue and Arterial Blood Temperature in the Resting Human Foream,” Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 85, No. 1, 1948, pp. 35-41.
[7] S. S. Rao, “The Finite Element Method in Engineering,” Elsevier, Burlington, 2009.
[8] Y. V. C. Rao, “Theory and Problems of Thermodynamics,” New Age International (P) Limited, New Delhi, 2000.
[9] V. P. Saxena, “Mathematics of Thermal Abnormalities in Outer Human Body,” Anamaya Publishers, New Delhi 2005, pp. 1-26.
[10] D. B. Gurung, V. P. Saxena and P. R. Adhikary, “FEM Approach to One Dimensional Unsteady State Temperature Distribution in the Dermal Parts with Quadratic Shape Function,” Journal of Applied Mathematics & Informatics, Vol. 27, No. 1-2, 2009, pp. 301-313.
[11] D. B. Gurung, and V. P. Saxena, “Transient Temperature Distribution in Human Dermal Part with Protective Layers at Low Atmospheric Temperature,” International Journal of Biomathematics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2010, pp. 439-451.
[12] J. N. Reddy, “An Introduction to the Finite Element Method,” McGraw Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2005.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.