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Proteoliposome and Polysaccharide-Based Meningococcal Vaccine Are Immunogenic in Infants and Toddlers and Primes for Memory against Serogroup C Polysaccharide

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DOI: 10.4236/wjv.2013.32012    2,631 Downloads   4,502 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Neisseria meningitidis capsular polysaccharides are the main target of the protective immune response against bacterial meningitis. They are thymus-independent type 2 (TI-2) antigens that are poorly immunogenic and not protective in young children, and their administration may impair subsequent challenge with the same polysaccharide. These problems have been addressed using three different vaccines consisting of 1) polysaccharide alone, 2) polysaccharide covalently conjugated to a carrier protein, and 3) polysaccharide with Proteoliposome (PL) adsorbed onto Al(OH)3. VA-MENGOC-BC? is one of the third types of vaccine. It contains PL (detergent-extracted external membrane proteins forming vesicles) and polysaccharide (Ps) from N. meningitidis serogroups B and C (PsC), respectively. Nevertheless, there is a concern that to overcome the TI-2 nature of Ps the covalently conjugation to a carrier is mandatory. Therefore, we evaluated the immune response induced by VA-MENGOC-BC? in infants and toddlers in order to determine whether it stimulates the response against the PsC. High IgG anti PsC and anti PL responses were seen following the administration of two doses in infants and toddlers, after a 3rd dose in pre-teenagers, and after confirmed carrier stages in young adults. The anti PL IgG response persisted longer than anti PsC IgG response and IgM response against both antigens was maintained. An IgG1 anti PL response predominated, as well as IgG4 > IgG3 > IgG1 anti PsC responses. These results suggest that non-covalent incorporation of PsC onto Al(OH)3 containing PL as adjuvant is immunogenic, primes for memory, and induces long-lasting specific antibody response. The improved PsC immunogenicity of this vaccine may be due to the preferential and potent Th1 response induced in mice and human by the PL as adjuvant.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

O. Pérez, B. Romeu, J. Campo, C. Zayas and M. Lastre, "Proteoliposome and Polysaccharide-Based Meningococcal Vaccine Are Immunogenic in Infants and Toddlers and Primes for Memory against Serogroup C Polysaccharide," World Journal of Vaccines, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 77-87. doi: 10.4236/wjv.2013.32012.

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