Share This Article:

Rationalizing the Use of Water in Industry—Part 2: Instruments Developed by the Clean Technology Network in the State of Bahia

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:299KB) PP. 497-507
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.45058    3,719 Downloads   4,984 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The instruments developed by the Clean Technology Network of Bahia (TECLIM) at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) (cited in Part 1 of this paper) are presented. Factors regarding water management in industry were examined, on the basis of experience acquired over the period of a decade in cooperative research projects with large industrial process plants located mostly in the Camacari Petrochemical Complex, Bahia State, Brazil. The main results consist of training about 1700 industry professionals in CP, the identification of about 500 ideas for the rationalization of water use, the presentation and publication of 90 articles in journals, conferences and other academic events, identification of ideas with potential water savings estimated at around 1400 t·h1 and the reduction of at least 500 t·h–1 in effluents. Other sectors that make use of water, for example public buildings, commercial buildings, homes, shopping centers and airports can adapt and use the TECLIM method as will be exemplified.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Kiperstok, K. Esquerre, R. Kalid, E. Sales and G. Oliveira, "Rationalizing the Use of Water in Industry—Part 2: Instruments Developed by the Clean Technology Network in the State of Bahia," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2013, pp. 497-507. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.45058.

References

[1] A. Kiperstok, R. Kalid, K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre, E. Sales and G. Oliveira, “Rationalizing the Use of Water in Industry—Part 1: Summary of the Instruments Developed by the Clean Technology Network in the State of Bahia and Main Results Obtained,” Journal of Environmental Protection, 2013.
[2] A. Kiperstok, A. H. Tanimoto, D. Fontana, E. H. B. C. Silva, J. Mendonca, L. P. Lacerda, L. Pustilnik, L. F. Cardoso, R. Kalid and A. Teixeira, “The Fundamental Principles of Clean Production. Silver House: Introducing Clean Production in Bahia,” Clean Technology Network (TECLIM), Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Bahia, 2008, 446 p.
[3] A. Kiperstok, G. L. Oliveira, K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre and R. Kalid, “Conservation of Water Resources in Semi-Arid Region Compared to Industrial Development,” In: S. S. Medeiros, H. R. Gheyi, C. O. Galvao and V. P. S. Paz, Eds., Hydric Resources in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions, National Institute of Semiarid, Campina Grande, 2011, pp. 207-247.
[4] K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre, A. Kiperstok, E. Cohim, R. Kalid, E. A. Sales and V. M. Pires, “Taking Advantage of Storm and Waste Water Retention Basins as Part of Water Use Minimization in Industrial Sites,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2011, pp. 316-324. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2010.10.004
[5] M. Martins, C. Amaro, L. Souza, R. Kalid and A. Kiperstok, “New Objective Function to Data Reconciliation of Water Balance,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 18, No. 12, 2010, pp. 1184-1189. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.03.014
[6] L. L. Massay and S. J. Udoka, “Industry-University Partnerships: A Model for Engineering Education in the 21st Century,” Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 1-4, 1995, pp. 77-81.
[7] R. M. Davies, “Industry-University Collaborations: A Necessity for the Future,” Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 4, No. 1-2, 1996, pp. 3-5. doi:10.1016/0300-5712(95)00005-4
[8] T. Barnes, I. Pashby and A. Gibbons, “Industry Interaction: A Multi-Case Evaluation of Collaborative R&D Projects,” European Management Journal, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2001, pp. 272-285. doi:10.1016/S0263-2373(02)00044-0
[9] J. Bruneel, P. D’Este and A. Salter, “Investigating the Factors That Diminish the Barriers to University-Industry Collaboration,” Research Policy, Vol. 39, No. 7, 2010, pp. 858-868. doi:10.1016/j.respol.2010.03.006
[10] J. Venselaar, “Environmental Training: Industrial Needs,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 3, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 9-12. doi:10.1016/0959-6526(95)00030-I
[11] S. Herat, “Education and Training for Cleaner Production; a Feasible Learning Approach,” Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 8, No. 5, 2000, pp. 361-364. doi:10.1016/S0959-6526(00)00038-X
[12] T. E. Graedel and B. R. Allenby, “Industrial Ecology,” Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1995.
[13] FIESP—Federation of Industries of the State of Sao Paulo, “Water Use and Conservation: Manual to Orient Industrial Sector,” 2009. http://www.fiesp.com.br/publicacoes/pdf/ambiente/reuso.pdf
[14] J. A. Romagnoli and M. C. Sánchez, “Data Processing and Reconciliation for Chemical Process Operations,” Academic Press Inc., San Diego, 2000.
[15] D. Fontana, R. Kalid, A. Kiperstok and M. A. S. Silva, “Methodology for Wastewater Minimization in Industries in the Petrochemical Complex,” Proceedings of the 2nd Mercosur Congress on Chemical Engineering and 4th Mercosur Congress on Process Systems Engineering, Rio de Janeiro, 14-18 August 2004.
[16] L. S. de Souza, “Propagation of Uncertainty in the Data Reconciliation with Linear Constraints,” Monograph (Specialization in Industrial Automation with Emphasis in Computer Science, Instrumentation, Control and Optimization of Continuous Processes), Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, 2011.
[17] L. S. Souza, R. A. Kalid, M. A. F. Martins, A. Kiperstok, K. Oliveira-Esquerre and L. Queiroz, “Propagation of Uncertainties in Data Reconciliation Without Redundancy Measurement,” The 6th Brazilian Congress of Metrology, Natal, 27-30 September 2011.
[18] R. Batavia, “Front-End Loading for Life Cycle Success,” Offshore Technology Conference, Texas, 30 April-3 May 2001.
[19] L. Saputelli, L. Lujan, L. Garibaldi, J. Smyth, A. Ungredda, J. Rodriguez and A. S. Cullick, “How Integrated Field Studies Help Asset Team Make Optimal Field Development Decisions,” Proceeding of the Society of Petroleum Engineering, 31 March-02 April 2008.
[20] C. E. Nobel and D. T. Allen, “Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Industrial Water Reuse Modeling,” Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol. 78, No. 4, 2000, pp. 295-303.
[21] M. M. El-Halwagi and V. Manousiouthakis, “Synthesis of Mass Exchange Networks,” General & Introductory Chemical Engineering, Vol. 35, No. 8, 1989, pp. 1233-1244. doi:10.1002/aic.690350802
[22] K. P. Papalexandri, E. N. Pistikopoulos and C. A. Floudas, “Mass Exchange Networks for Waste Minimization: A Simultaneous Approach,” Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol. 72, No. A3, 1994, pp. 279-294.
[23] P. N. Sharratt and A. Kiperstok, “Environmental Optimisation of Releases from Industrial Sites into a Linear Receiving Body,” Computers & Chemical Engineering, Vol. 20, Suppl. 2, 1996, pp. 1413-1418. doi:10.1016/0098-1354(96)00242-6
[24] A. A. Ulson de Souza, H. L. Forgiarini, M. F. Xavier, F. L. P. Pessoa and S. M. A. Guelli de Souza, “Application of Water Source Diagram (WSD) Method for the Reduction of Water Consumption in Petroleum Refineries,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 53, No. 3, 2009, pp. 149-154. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.11.002
[25] A. Alva-Argáez, A. C. Kokossis and R. Smith, “The Design of Water-Using Systems in Petroleum Refining Using a Water-Pinch Decomposition,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 128, No. 1, 2007, pp. 33-46. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2006.10.001
[26] R. Smith and E. Petela, “Water Minimisation in the Process Industries. Parts 5: Utility Waste,” The Chemical Engineer, Vol. 523, Part 5, 1992, pp. 32-35.
[27] Y. P. Wang and R. Smith, “Wastewater Minimisation,” Chemical Engineering Science, Vol. 49, No. 7, 1994, pp. 981-1006.
[28] J. A. C. Ruiz, “Decision Support Tools for Environmental Conscious Chemical Process,” Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 2000.
[29] F. L. P. Pessoa, “Water Source Diagram. Course Handout on Methodology for Optimizing Environmental TECLIM. Tools to Minimize Water Use in an Industrial Environment,” Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, 2008.
[30] R. C. Moreira, “Reduction of Effluents in the Industrial Water Treatment Unit,” Master’s Dissertation, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, 2009.
[31] E. M. Queiroz and F. L. P. Pessoa, “Water Source Diagram Procedure: Wastewater Reduction for Single Contaminant,” 17th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Praga, 27-31 August 2006.
[32] S. F. ávila, “Methodology for Minimizing Waste at Source from the Investigation of Abnormal Operating,” Master Dissertation, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, 2004.
[33] S. F. ávila, “Control Processes in the Generation of Organic Effluent,” 35th Brazilian Congress of Chemical Engineering, Salvador, 1995.
[34] K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre, A. Kiperstok, R. A. Kalid, E. Sales, L. Teixeira and V. M. Pires, “Water and Wastewater Management in a Petrochemical Raw Material Industry,” 10th International Symposium on Process Engineering, Salvador, 16-20 August 2009, pp. 1047-1052.
[35] K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre, A. Kiperstok, P. R. C, Penalva, R. Kalid and P. P. Quirino, “Study of the Potential for the Reuse of Exploited Water by the Hydraulic Barrier System of Camacari Industrial Pole of Bahia,” 8th Symposium Luso-Brazil of Sanitation and Environmental Engineering, Silubesa Belém, 10-14 March 2008.
[36] K. P. Oliveira-Esquerre, A. Kiperstok, E. Cohim, R. Kalid, E. A. Sales and V. M. Pires, “Taking Advantage of Storm and Waste Water Retention Basins as Part of Water Use Minimization in Industrial Sites,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Vol. 55, No. 3, 2011, pp. 316-324. doi:10.1016/j.resconrec.2010.10.004

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.