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Effect of Carboxyl Functionalized MWCNTs on the Cure Behavior of Epoxy Resin

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DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2013.32A006    3,801 Downloads   7,541 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Effects of carboxyl functionalized MWCNTs on the cure behavior of epoxy resin (EPIKOTETM resin 862 and EPICURETM curing agent W) were investigated by using differential scanning calorimeter in dynamic scan mode. Results indicated that nanotubes could initiate cure reaction at lower temperature while only 0.1 wt% samples were able to suppress the peak temperature (Tp) consistently regardless of different heating rate due to their higher reaction rate, other two batches (0.2 wt% and 0.3 wt% CNT) showed hardly any change in Tp compared to neat samples. Furthermore, addition of small amount (0.1 wt%) of CNTs significantly reduced the activation energy of the system but further addition elevated that due to their retarding effect. Also, a correlation was established between the dispersion state of CNTs in epoxy and total heat of reaction (ΔH) where lower ΔH was considered as an indication of better interfacial interaction of CNTs with matrix and hence, better dispersion. The difference in curing behavior of three different CNT percentages was discussed in terms of their steric hindrance and state of dispersion in the matrix.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

N. Jahan, A. Narteh, M. Hosur, M. Rahman and S. Jeelani, "Effect of Carboxyl Functionalized MWCNTs on the Cure Behavior of Epoxy Resin," Open Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 3 No. 2A, 2013, pp. 40-47. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2013.32A006.

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