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Behavior of Surrounding Soil during Construction and Its Countermeasures Using Pipe Jacking Method in Deep Strata

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DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32007    4,605 Downloads   6,897 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In Japan when urban infrastructures need to be constructed, the difficulty of utilizing the ground or shallow strata will lead to a more frequent use of the deep strata. The common construction methods are open-cut, pipe jacking, and shield methods. In recent years, a new pipe jacking method has been established that can be adapted to 20 m below the ground or more. Using this method, the drivage machine and the jacking pipe continue to move an underground until the completion of the driving. Therefore an over-cutting area (so-called tail-void) must be formed to lower the friction between the ground and the pipe. The tail-void is filled with lubrications. However, because the stress release from the ground continues to advance when the tail-void is formed, hence there are some challenges required to cope with the stability of the surrounding ground. In order to utilize the pipe jacking method in the deeper strata layers, the theory, analysis and installation of tail-void have to be systemized, and such systematic data must be stored. Therefore, the conditions of tail-void in the deep pipe jacking method are discussed using numerical analyses.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Senda, H. Shimada, T. Sasaoka and K. Matsui, "Behavior of Surrounding Soil during Construction and Its Countermeasures Using Pipe Jacking Method in Deep Strata," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 2, 2013, pp. 44-48. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32007.

References

[1] Japan Tunneling Association, “Trend of Using Deep Underground and Activity Report,” 1997.
[2] H. Akagi and K. Komiya, “Ground Behavioral Analysis in Consideration of the Construction Process of Shield Tunneling in Finite Element Method,” Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. III-25, No. 481, 1993, pp. 59-68.
[3] J. M. Cole, “Pipe Jacking Case Histories, Tunnels and Tunneling,” 1977.
[4] C. M. Hough, “Pipe Jacking Case Histories, Tunnels and Tunneling,” 1978.
[5] S. Katano and T. Ogawa, “Effect of Slurry Shield Tunneling in Soft Alluvial Clay on an Adjacent Underground Subway Structure,” Proceedings of International Congress on Tunneling and Ground Conditions, Cairo, April 1994, pp. 151-156.

  
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