Share This Article:

Homicide in southern India—A five-year retrospective study

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:379KB) PP. 18-24
DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2013.12004    4,002 Downloads   9,135 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Homicide has become a common practice reflecting anger in southern India. The purpose of this study was to identify the potential risk factors and susceptible victims. This retrospective study analyses the data of 590 cases. Our study revealed that the victims were mostly males of 21 - 30 years, married (63.56%), illiterates (44.07%), low socioeconomic status and belong to rural areas. The laborers and farmers were almost equally affected in males and housewives in females. Outdoor incidents were more (61.86%). Majority of victims were innocent (82.20%) with no previous history of cognizable offence. Blood alcohol was found positive in 30.23% of victims. Sharp cutting weapons were mostly used, with hemorrhage and shock being the most common cause of death. Previous enmity and familial disharmony were the two common causes behind such heinous crime. Most victims had injuries over multiple body parts. Some potential risk factors and their preventive measures pointed at the end.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mohanty, S. (2013) Homicide in southern India—A five-year retrospective study. Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research, 1, 18-24. doi: 10.4236/fmar.2013.12004.

References

[1] Adelson, L. (1974) The pathology of homicide. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, 3-4.
[2] Krug, E. (2003) Message of Support: Summary Annual Report 2003. Medical Research Council, South Africa.
[3] Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (2011). http://www.genevadeclaration.org/measurability/global-buden-of-armed-violence/global-burden-of-armed-violence-2011.html
[4] NCRB Records (2010) http://ncrb.gov.com
[5] Padmaraj, R.Y. and Tandon, R.N. (2010) Pattern of homicides at mortuary of civic hospital Ahmedabad. Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 27, 51-55.
[6] Shivkumar, B.C., Vishwanath, D. and Srivastava, P.C. (2011) Trends of Homicidal deaths at a tertiary care centre, Bengaluru. Journal of the Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine, 33, 120-125
[7] Gupta, A., Mukta, R., Mittal, A.K. and Dikshit, P.C. (2004) A study of homicidal deaths in Delhi. Medicine, Science and the Law, 44, 127-132. doi:10.1258/rsmmsl.44.2.127
[8] Gupta, S. and Prajapati, P. (2009) Homicide trends at Surat region of Gujarat, India. Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology, 26, 45-48.
[9] Vij, A., Menon, A., Menezes, R.G., Kanchan, T. and Rastogi, P. (2010) A retrospective review of homicides in Mangalore, South India. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 17, 312-315. doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2010.04.012
[10] Gadge, S., Batra, A.K., Kuchewar, S.V., Meshram, R.D. and Dhawane, S.G. (2011) Medicolegal study of homicide in and around GMC Aurangabad. MedicoLegal Update, 1, 56-58.
[11] Buchade, D. and Mohite, S. (2010) Trends in culpable homicide amounting to murder in the city of Greater Mumbai: A five-year study. Medico-Legal Update, 10, 12-14.
[12] Mohanty, M.K., Mohanty, S. and Acharya, S. (2004) Circumstances of crime in homicidal deaths. Medicine, Science and the Law, 44, 160-164. doi:10.1258/rsmmsl.44.2.160
[13] Eze, U.O., Akang, E.E.U. and Odesanmi, W.O. (2011) Pattern of homicide coroner’s autopsies at university college hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria: 1997-2006. Medicine, Science and the Law, 51, 43-48. doi:10.1258/msl.2010.010082
[14] Collins, K.A. and Presnell, S.E. (2006) Elder homicide: A 20-year study. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 27, 183-187. doi:10.1097/01.paf.0000203268.30433.01
[15] Niemcunowicz-Janica, A., Janica, J., Rydzewska-Dudek, M., Zaluski, J., Dopierala, T., Wardaszka, Z., PtaszyńskaSarosiek, I. and Oklota, M. (2006) Medicolegal and victimology aspects of homicides in the material of Bialystok Institute of Forensic Medicine in the years 19822003. Archiwum Medycyny Sadowej i Kryminologii, 56, 5-8.
[16] Hilal, A., Cekin, N., Gülmen, M.K., Ozdemir, M.H. and Karanfil, R. (2005) Homicide in Adana, Turkey: A 5-year review. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 26, 141-145.
[17] Bashir, M.Z., Saeed, A., et al. (2004) A study of pattern of homicidal deaths in Faisalabad: 2001-2002. Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, 16, 57-59.
[18] Marri, M.Z., Bashir, M.Z., Munawar, A.Z., Khalil, Z.H. and Khalil, I.R. (2006) Analysis of homicidal deaths in Peshawar, Pakistan. Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, 18, 30-33.
[19] Bhupinder, S., Kumara, T.K. and Syed, A.M. (2010) Pattern of homicidal deaths autopsied at Penang Hospital, Malaysia, 2007-2009: A preliminary study. Malaysian Journal of Pathology, 32, 81-86.
[20] Kumar, V., Mae Li, A.K., Zanial, A.Z., Lee, D.A. and Salleh, S.A. (2005) A study of Homicidal deaths in medicolegal autopsies at UMMC, Kuala Lumpur. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 12, 254-257. doi:10.1016/j.jcfm.2005.02.007
[21] Edirisinghe, P.A. and Kitulwatte, I.D. (2009) Extreme violence-homicide: An analysis of 265 cases from the offices of JMO Colombo and Ragama: A study from Sri Lanka. Legal Medicine, 11, 363-365. doi:10.1016/j.legalmed.2009.02.079
[22] Meel, B. (2007) Trends in firearm-related deaths in the Transkei region of South Africa. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 28, 86-90. doi:10.1097/01.paf.0000257371.80947.56
[23] Lee-Germon, M., MacNeill, S., Rizet, D. and McDermott, S.D. (2011) Homicide/suspicious death statistics for cases submitted to the forensic science laboratory in the Republic of Ireland for 2004-2008. Medicine, Science and the Law, 51, 146-150. doi:10.1258/msl.2010.010139
[24] Padosch, S.A., Passinger, C., Schmidt, P.H. and Madea, B. (2010) Analysis of 1989-1999 homicide crimes in the catchment area of the Bonn Institute of Forensic Medicine with reference to selected aspects. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 31, e3.
[25] Vougiouklakis, T. and Tsiligianni, C. (2006) Forensic and criminologic aspects of murder in North-West (Epirus) Greece. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 13, 316- 320. doi:10.1016/j.jcfm.2006.06.015
[26] Avis, S.P. (1996) Homicide in New Foundland: A 9-year review. Journal of forensic Science, 41, 101-105.
[27] Falzon, A.L. and Davis, G.G. (1998) A 15-year retrospective review of homicide in the elderly. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 43, 371-374.
[28] Henderson, J.P., Morgan, S.E., Patel, F. and Tiplady, M.E. (2005) Patterns of non-firearm homicide. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 12, 128-132. doi:10.1016/j.jcfm.2004.10.011

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.