Share This Article:

Effect of Mechanical Treatment Temperature on Electrical Properties and Crystallite Size of PVDF Film

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1403KB) PP. 71-76
DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2013.31011    3,811 Downloads   6,248 Views   Citations


Fabrication of PVDF films has been making using Hot Roll Press. Preparation of samples carried out for nine different temperatures. This condition is carried out to see the effect of temperature fabrication on electrical properties and crystallite size of PVDF films. The electrical properties like as surface resistivity are discussion focus in this paper. Surface resistivity properties of PVDF can be improved by mechanical treatment on the varying film thickness and the temperature. To obtain the diffraction pattern of sample characterization is performed using X-Ray Diffraction. Crystallite size of PVDF films calculate from broadening pattern of X-Ray Diffraction. Furthermore, from the diffraction pattern calculated β fraction and crystallite size, for calculation to determine the crystallite size of the sample by using the Scherrer equation. Has been obtained an increase piezoelectric properties of PVDF films that characterized by increasing β fraction. Have been obtained β fraction increased from 25.4% up to 44% for temperatures of 130°C up to 170°C, respectively. Resistivity value has been obtained at temperature 130°C up to 170°C, decreased from 1.23 × 104 Wm up to 0.21 × 104 Wm respectively. From the experimental results and the calculation of crystallite sizes obtained for the samples with temperature 130°C up to 170°C respectively are increased from 7.2 nm up to 20.54 nm. These results indicate that mechanical treatment caused increase β fraction and decrease surface resistivity. Increasing temperatures will also increase the size of the crystallite of the sample. This happens because with the increasing temperature causes the higher the degree of crystallization of PVDF film sample is formed, so that the crystallite size also increases.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Hartono, S. Satira, M. Djamal, R. Ramli, H. Bahar and E. Sanjaya, "Effect of Mechanical Treatment Temperature on Electrical Properties and Crystallite Size of PVDF Film," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 71-76. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2013.31011.


[1] C. L. Radiman, “Kimia Polimer,” Penerbit ITB, Bandung, 2004, pp. 5-20.
[2] A. J. Lovinger, “Poly(Vinylidene fluoride),” In: D. C. Bassett, Ed., Development in Crystalline Polymers, Applied Science Publisher, London, 1982, pp. 195-261.
[3] A. J. Lovinger, “Poyivinylidene Fluoride,” Applied Science Publisher, London, 1981, p. 202.
[4] A. Hartono, S. Satira, M. Djamal, Ramli and E. Sanjaya, “Effect of Mechanical Treatment Temperature and Layer Thickness on Piezoelctic Properties PVDF Film,” Proceedings of APS, 2012.
[5] K. Matsushige, K. Nagata, S. Imada and T. Takemura, “The II-I Crystal Transformation of Poly(vinylidene fluoride) under Tensile and Compressional Stresses,” Polymer, Vol. 21, No. 12, 1980, pp. 1391-1397. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(80)90138-X
[6] J. C. Mcgrath, “High Effective Draw as a Route to Increased Stiffness and Electrical Response in Poly(vinylidene fluoride),” Polymer, Vol. 21, No. 8, 1980, pp. 855-857. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(80)90237-2
[7] J. Humphreys, et al., “A Study of the Drawing Behavior of Polyvinylidene Fluoride,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 30, No. 10, 1985, pp. 4069-4079. doi:10.1002/app.1985.070301010
[8] T. Hsu and P. J. Geil, “Deformation and Transformation Mechanisms of Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVF2),” Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 24, No. 4, 1989, pp. 12191232. doi:10.1007/BF02397050
[9] V. Sencadas, V. M. Moreira, S. Lanceros-Mendez, A. S. Pouzada and R. Gregorio Jr., “αto-βTransformation on PVDF Films Obtained by Uniaxial Stretch,” Materials Science Forum, Vol. 514-516, 2006, pp. 872-876. doi:10.4028/
[10] R. P. Vijayakumar, D. V. Khakhar and A. Misra, “Studies on A to B Phase Transformations in Mechanically Deformed PVDF Films,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 117, 2010, pp. 3491-3497.
[11] G. Gianotti, A. Capizzi and V. Zamboni, Chim. e Industr., Vol. 55, 1973, 1973, p. 501.
[12] S. Nakamura, T. Sasaki, J. Funamoto and K. Matsuzaki, “Dynamic Cooling and Isothermal Crystallizations of Poly (vinylidene fluoride) from the Melt,” Die Makromolekulare Chemie, Vol. 176, No. 11, 1975, pp. 3471-3481. doi:10.1002/macp.1975.021761128
[13] C. Mancarella and E. Martuscelli, “Crystallization Kinetics of Poly(vinylidene fluoride),” Polymer, Vol. 18, No. 12, 1977, pp. 1240-1242. doi:10.1016/0032-3861(77)90286-5
[14] K. Nakagawa and Y. Ishida, “Estimation of Amorphous Specific Volume of Poly(vinylidene fluoride) as a Function of Temperature,” Kolloid-Zeitschrift und Zeitschrift für Polymere, Vol. 251, No. 2, 1973, pp. 103-107. doi:10.1007/BF01498933
[15] A. Hartono, S. Satira, M. Djamal, R. Ramli, H. Bahar and E. Sanjaya, “Effect of Fabrication Temperature on Crystallite Size of PVDF Film,” Proceedings of ICMNS, 2012.
[16] S. B. Lang and S. Muensit, “Review of Some LesserKnown Applications of Piezoelectric and Pyroelectric Polymers,” Applied Physics A, Vol. 85, No. 2, 2006, pp. 125134. doi:10.1007/s00339-006-3688-8
[17] A. Hartono, R. Ramli and M. D. dan S. Satira, “Pengaruh Temperatur Perlakuan Mekanik Terhadap Jumlah Fraksiβdan Resistivitas Permukaan Lapisan PVDF,” BKS PTNBMI-PA-2012, Universitas Negeri Medan, Medan, 2012, pp. 17-22.
[18] C. Suryanarayana and M. G. Norton, “X-Ray Diffraction a Practical Approach,” Plenum Press, New York, 1998.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.