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Isolation and identification of alkaloids and anthocyanins from flower and bulb of Lycoris radiata using HPLC and LC-ESI-MS

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DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2013.21004    5,901 Downloads   14,276 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Three anthocyanins (cyanidin 3-diglucoside, cyanidin 3-sambubioside and cyanidin 3-glucoside) together with eleven known alkaloids (lycoricidine, hipppeastrine,O-Demethyllycoramin, lycoricidinol, galanthine, lycorine, lycorenine, lycoramine, galanthamine, homolycorine and pretazettine) were identified in the flower and bulb of Lycoris radiata using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with UV detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anthocyanins play a major role in protecting plant’s DNA from the UV spectrum of sunlight and also in attracting insects for the purpose of pollination. Thus, knowledge on the contents and types of anthocyanins of L. radiata will help to evaluate the adaptive evolution of flowers and provide useful information for the ornamental breeding.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

J. Chun, I. Jang, M. Arasu, N. Al-Dhabi, V. Duraipandiyan, D. Lee, S. Lee and S. Kim, "Isolation and identification of alkaloids and anthocyanins from flower and bulb of Lycoris radiata using HPLC and LC-ESI-MS," Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2013, pp. 22-26. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2013.21004.

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