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Blindly inserted nasogastric feeding tubes and thoracic complications in intensive care

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.210166    7,124 Downloads   13,333 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Purpose of review: This article reviews the thoracic complications from malpositioned blindly inserted nasogastric feeding tubes in mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care and the methods to check the position and promote safe placement of the feeding tubes. Recent findings: Malpositioned feeding tubes are not included in risk management databases. The reported incidence is 1-3% and more than half occur in mechanically ventilated patients. Eighty three mechanically ventilated patients were reported with malpositioned nasogastric tubes and 66% of them developed serious thoracic complications. Pneumothoraces accounted for 80% of thoracic complications that were evenly distributed between tubes with and without stylet. Repeated misplacements appear to increase the risk. Non-radiological confirmation of the position of the tube has suboptimal performance. Protocols to place feeding tubes and new technology are promising candidates. Summary: Malpositioned nasogastric feeding tubes are underreported and associated with serious thoracic complications in mechanically ventilated patients. We need more data to answer whether we can afford to prevent them.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Giantsou, E. and Gunning, K. (2010) Blindly inserted nasogastric feeding tubes and thoracic complications in intensive care. Health, 2, 1135-1141. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.210166.

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