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Seasonal Variations of the Surface Fluxes and Surface Parameters over the Loess Plateau in China

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DOI: 10.4236/acs.2013.31013    3,341 Downloads   5,458 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Turbulent fluxes were measured by an eddy covariance system at three levels over an intricate land surface on the southern part of the Loess Plateau, consisting of heterogeneous flat terrain and a large valley 500 maway from the observation site to the southeast. The surface roughness length, the seasonal variation of bulk transfer coefficient for sensible heat (CH), and the seasonal variation of surface moisture availability (β) were also analyzed based on the observation. The flux footprint was carefully considered in this study. A relatively dry period of the experimental area existed from June to the first week of July 2004 when the land surface offered turbulent energy to the atmospheric surface layer mainly by sensible heat flux with a maximum value of around 230 Wm-2. A wet duration lasted from the second week of July to the end of September 2004 with very frequent rainfall events in conditions when the winds were mainly from the southeast;latent heat flux was dominant during the wet season and reached a peak value of around 280 Wm-2. The surface parameters of CH and β were calculated when the mean winds coming from the flat terrain, i.e., from the northwest direction. The values of CH ranged between 0.004 and 0.006 during the observational year of June 2004 to June 2005. The surface moisture availability β changed with seasons as anticipated with high values during June and July 2004 and lowest values around0.03 inFebruary 2005. Its peak value of 0.91 occurred in July; the mean value of β during the wet season was 0.29. Furthermore, the relationship between the surface soil water content and β indicated that changes in soil water content contributed much to variations of surface moisture availability β.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

W. Li, T. Hiyama and N. Kobayashi, "Seasonal Variations of the Surface Fluxes and Surface Parameters over the Loess Plateau in China," Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 111-120. doi: 10.4236/acs.2013.31013.

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