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Toxic Effects of Nano-CuO, Micro-CuO and Cu2+ on Chlorella sp.

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41B016    3,292 Downloads   5,010 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The 96 h acute toxic effects of nano-CuO (N-CuO), micro-CuO (M-CuO) and 2+ on Chlorella sp. were investigated in this paper. The results showed that toxicities decreased in an order of Cu2+>N-CuO>M-CuO. The 96 h EC50 of Cu2+ on Chlorella sp. was 1.06 mg /L, and of N-CuO it was 74.61 mg /L, while no pronounced toxicity was observed when the concentration of M-CuO was lower than 160 mg/L. Further experiments were carried out in order to study the toxicity mechanism of nano-CuO on Chlorella sp.. The results of Cu2+ release from N-CuO showed less than 0.2 mg/L Cu2+ were released, so the release of Cu2+ was not responsible for the toxicity. Further experiments showed N-CuO inhibited formation of Chlorophyll A. Content of Chlorophyll A in the control group was 4.75 mg/108 cells, while it declined to 2.89 mg/108 cells for 160 mg/L N-CuO after 96 h, which indicated that N-CuO could inhibit photosynthesis of Chlorella sp.. Moreover, N-CuO condensed with algal cells. It affected the activity of SOD and POD, indicating that N-CuO could cause oxidant stress to Chlorella sp.. These may be the toxicity mechanism.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Wang, M. Wang, C. Peng and J. Pan, "Toxic Effects of Nano-CuO, Micro-CuO and Cu2+ on Chlorella sp.," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 1B, 2013, pp. 86-91. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.41B016.

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