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Increasing the Burned Time and Mechanical Properties with New Mix As Flame Retardant Based in Hexametaphosphate of Sodium and Borax in Textile 100% Acrylic Fabrics

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DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B027    3,077 Downloads   4,426 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

It has been worked with textile fabrics of Acrylic 100 % , that have as final use the Tapestry, this fabrics have been impregnated with a two products flame retardant: Commercial Retardant, which is formed by a combination of a resin polymeric and acid phosphoric and Borax (Na2B4O5(OH)4.8H2O) with Sodium Hexametaphosphate (Na16P14O43). These Retardants   has the advantage of the fact that it can be applied to the substrates mixed with water in the relation 1:1, 1:2 or pure. In order to reduce the flammability, Textile fabrics are coated with flame retardants. The flame retardant capabilities, mechanical properties and structural characteristics of the textile fabrics before and after the use of these products were investigated throughout the special textile methods for inflammability and mechanical resistibility. After the use of the flame retardants the mechanical properties of the fabrics were improved or at least remained the same as compared to fabrics without any treatment. The use of Borax / Sodium Hexametaphosphate /Water results in the essential increase of combustion retardation time about 2 minutes as compared with 8 seconds for untreated fabrics.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Gracia, L. Velazquez and A. Mercado, "Increasing the Burned Time and Mechanical Properties with New Mix As Flame Retardant Based in Hexametaphosphate of Sodium and Borax in Textile 100% Acrylic Fabrics," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 4B, 2012, pp. 99-101. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B027.

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