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Prediction of maximal heart rate percent during constant intensity efforts on trained subjects

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DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2012.24031    3,254 Downloads   5,656 Views  

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between %HRmax and %vVO2max at constant efforts made at different intensities. In randomized order, males healthy subjects (Age: 25 ± 7 years, Weight: 70 ± 11 kg, VO2max: 55 ± 8 ml·kg–1·min–1) were divided into two groups, a trained one with more than 3 training sessions per week (n = 10) a moderately trained one with 3 drives or less per week (n = 15). The difference between the two groups corresponds to a time to exhaustion above and below 40 min at 80% vVO2max. All subjects performed 5 tests with a gradual increase in speed of 1 km·h–1 every 2 min and 4 constant speed tests at 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% VO2max. All test were performed at the same time of day (i.e., 18:00 h). The results of this study showed that eighteen collective regressions including different independent variables were developed to predict %HRmax. The individual equations developed, have r values between 0.974 and 0.993 and Syx, between 1.2 and 1.9 ml·kg–1·min–1, they are more accurate than the collective equations (one equation for all subjects) with r values between 0.81 to 0.89 and Syx, between 4.1 and 5.3 ml·kg–1·min–1. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that the model of predictions of %HRmax from %vVO2max in triangular tests were not appropriate for rectangular efforts. From the equations developed, we find that the time to exhaustion at 90% vVO2max is the best predictor of level of endurance then the time limit to 80% vVO2max.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Guinoubi, C. , Nbigh, A. , Grira, Y. , Hammami, R. and Abedelmalek, S. (2012) Prediction of maximal heart rate percent during constant intensity efforts on trained subjects. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 2, 190-197. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2012.24031.

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