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Electrical Properties of Cadmium Substitution in Nickel Ferrites

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DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2012.24043    3,983 Downloads   8,420 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Electrical transport properties such as conductivity (σ) and thermo electric power (S) of Cadmium substituted Nickel Ferrites, forming chemical formula Ni1–xCdxFe2O4, where x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4 have been investigated from room temperature to well beyond the Curie temperature. Plots of log (σT) versus 103/T are linear and show a transition near the Curie temperature. The transition temperature is found to decrease with increase of Cd content. On the basis of Seebeck coefficient (S), the ferrites under investigation have been classified as n-type and p-type semiconductors. The values of charge carrier concentration and mobility have been computed from experimental values of Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity. The activation energy in the ferrimagnetic region is in general less than that in the paramagnetic region. An attempt is made to explain the conduction mechanism in these ferrites.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Ashok, T. Somaiah, D. Ravinder, C. Venkateshwarlu, C. Reddy, K. Rao and M. Prasad, "Electrical Properties of Cadmium Substitution in Nickel Ferrites," World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 257-266. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2012.24043.

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