Share This Article:

Effects of the Pesticide Furadan on Traits Associated with Reproduction in Wild Potato Species

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:149KB) PP. 1608-1612
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.311194    3,838 Downloads   5,425 Views   Citations


Natural populations of wild potato species are the backups for the diversity held in genebanks for research and breeding. Some potato species are known to grow in close proximity to cultivated fields, thus are potentially impacted by human activity, including exposure to pesticides. The present study tested the effects of a common pesticide on reproductive traits of potatoes known to grow in or near pesticide-treated fields in central Peru. Furadan? 4F, an insecticide— nematicide (common name = carbofuran) was applied at two different rates to populations representing 15 wild potato species in a greenhouse environment in Peru. Flowering duration of these populations was usually significantly reduced in comparison to a water control, and in a few cases, percent viable pollen also was. These findings suggest that agrichemicals may be having unintentional effects on wild potato populations in ways that could compromise their genetic diversity.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Rio, J. Bamberg, R. Centeno-Diaz, A. Salas, W. Roca and D. Tay, "Effects of the Pesticide Furadan on Traits Associated with Reproduction in Wild Potato Species," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 11, 2012, pp. 1608-1612. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.311194.


[1] M. Coca-Morante and W. Castillo-Plata, “Wild Potato Species Threatened by Extinction in the Department of La Paz, Bolivia,” Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2007, pp. 487-496.
[2] D. M. Spooner, “DNA Barcoding Will Frequently Fail in Complicated Groups: An Example in Wild Potatoes,” American Journal of Botany, Vol. 96, No. 6, 2009, pp. 1177-1189. doi:10.3732/ajb.0800246
[3] R. J. Hijmans and D. M. Spooner, “Geographic Distribution of Wild Potato Species,” American Journal of Botany, Vol. 88, No. 11, 2001, pp. 2101-2112. doi:10.2307/3558435
[4] D. Yanggen, C. Crissman and P. Espinoza, “Los Plaguicidas, Impactos en Producción, Salud y Medio Ambiente en Carchi,” CIP and INIAP. Abya-Yala, Eds., Quito, Ecuador, 2003, 199 p.
[5] V. E. Forbes, U. Hommen, P. Thorbek, F. J. Heimbach, P. J. Van den Brink, J. Wogram, H. H. Thulke and V. Grimm, “Ecological Models in Support of Regulatory Risk Assessments of Pesticides: Developing a Strategy for the Future,” Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2009, pp. 167-172. doi:10.1897/IEAM_2008-029.1
[6] R. A. Ennos, “Estimating the Relative Rates of Pollen and Seed Migration among Plant Populations,” Heredity, Vol. 72, 1994, pp. 250-259. doi:10.1038/hdy.1994.35
[7] J. L. Hamrick, Y. B. Linhart and J. B. Mitton, “Relation-ships between Life History Characteristics and Electro-phoretically Detectable Genetic Variation in Plants,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 10, 1979, pp. 173-200. doi:10.1146/
[8] M. D. Loveless and J. L. Hamrick, “Ecological Determinants of Genetic Structure in Plant Populations,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1984, pp. 65-95. doi:10.1146/
[9] O. Daniel, M. S. Meier, J. Schlatter and P. Frischknecht, “Selected Phenolic Compounds in Cultivated Plants: Ecologic Functions, Health Implications, and Modulation by Pesticides,” Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 107, No. 1, 1999, pp. 109-114. doi:10.1289/ehp.99107s1109
[10] J. Lydonand S. O. Duke, “Pesticide Effects on Secondary Metabolism of Higher Plants,” Pesticide Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, 1989, pp. 361-373. doi:10.1002/ps.2780250406
[11] A. O. Asitaand L. P. Matebesi, “Genotoxicity of Hormoban and Seven Other Pesticides to Onion Root Tip Meristematic Cells,” African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 27, 2010, pp. 4225-4232.
[12] B. N. Behera, R. K. Sahu and C. B. S. R. Sharma, “Cyto-genetic Hazards from Agricultural Chemicals; Sequential Screening in the Barley Progeny: Test for Cytogenetic Activity of Some Systemic Fungicides and a Metabolite,” Toxicology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 2-3, 1982, pp. 195-203. doi:10.1016/0378-4274(82)90074-1
[13] M. M. Fairbanks, G. E. J. St. Hardy and J. A. McComb, “Mitosis and Meiosis in Plants Are Affected by the Fungicide Phosphate,” Australasian Plant Pathology, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2002, pp. 281-289. doi:10.1071/AP02025
[14] N. Tort, I. Ozturk and A. Guvensen, “Effects of Some Fungicides on Pollen Morphology and Anatomy of Tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.),” Pakistan Journal of Botany, Vol. 37, 2005, pp. 23-30.
[15] I. O. Cali and F. Candan, “Effects of a Fungicide on the Morphology and Viability of Pollens of Tomato (Ly-copersiconesculentum Mill.),” Bangladesh Journal of Botany, Vol. 38, 2009, pp. 115-118.
[16] J. D. Spiers, F. T. Davies, C. He, C. Bográn, K. M. Heinz, T. W. Starman and A. Chau, “Effects of Insecticides on Gas Exchange, Vegetative and Floral Development, and Overall Quality of Gerbera,” HortScience, Vol. 41, No. 3, , pp. 701-706.
[17] N. Ahmad, D. D. Walgenbach and G. R. Sutter, “Degra-dation Rates of Technical Carbofuran and a Granular Formulation in Four Soils with Known Insecticide Use History,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1979, pp. 572-574. doi:10.1007/BF01770005
[18] D. G. Finlayson, J. R. Graham, R. Greenhalgh, J. R. Roberts, E. A. H. Smith, P. Whitehead, R. F. Willes and I. Williams, “Carbofuran: Criteria for Interpreting the Effects of Its Use on Environmental Quality,” National Research Council Canada, Publ. NRCC 16740, 1979, 191 p.
[19] D. Arica, J. Kroschel, G. Forbes and K. St. Pere, “Persistent Organic Pollutants and Hazardous Pesticide in Andean Farming Communities in Peru-Final Report,” International Potato Center, Lima, 2006, 48 p.
[20] PAN (Pesticide Action Network), “PAN Pesticide Data-base, Version 8.0,” 2008.
[21] JMP 9, “Statistical Discovery. Version 9.0.0,” Statistical Analysis System Institute Inc., Cary, 2011.
[22] R. R. Dalvi, B. Singh and D. K. Salunkhe, “Influence of Selected Pesticides on Germination and Associated Metabolic Changes in Wheat and Mung Bean Seeds,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Vol. 20, No. 5, 1972, pp. 1000-1003. doi:10.1021/jf60183a034
[23] R. Pereira, C. Monterroso and F. Macias, “Phytotoxicity of Hexachlorocyclohexane: Effect on Germination and Early Growth of Different Plant Species,” Chemosphere, Vol. 79, No. 3, 2010, pp. 326-333. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.01.035
[24] B. C. Husband and D. W. Schemske, “Evolution of the Magnitude and Timing of Inbreeding Depression in Plants,” Evolution, Vol. 50, No. 1, 1996, pp. 54-70. doi:10.2307/2410780
[25] J. B. Bamberg and A. H. del Rio, “Genetic Heterogeneity Estimated by RAPD Polymorphism of Four Tuber-Bearing Potato Species Differing by Breeding Structure,” American Journal of Potato Research, Vol. 81, 2004, pp. 377-383. doi:10.1007/BF02870198

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.