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Downregulation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing mice using stearic acid-grafted carboxymethyl chitosan (SA-CMC)

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.411108    3,413 Downloads   5,397 Views   Citations


The present study was conducted to investigate the use of stearic acid-grafted carboxymethyl chitosan(SA-CMC) as a downregulator for trans- forming growth factor-β (TGF- β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC)-bearing mice. The antitumor effect of stearic acid-grafted carboxymethyl chitosan was assessed by the estimation of TGF- β and VEGF in serum in addition to the estimation of tumor volume, median survival time (MST), percentage of increase in life span (ILS%) as well as the contents of total lipid, DNA and RNA in liver tissues. Hematological profiles (hemoglobin, red blood cells, and platelets) were also assessed. In addition, liver function tests and the redox status were estimated. TGF- β, VEGF, DNA, RNA, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, in addition to serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) activities as well as total white blood cells counts and tumor volume were all highly significantly increased (P < 0.001) in untreated EAC-bearing mice compared to controls. However, hematological profiles, total lipid in liver tissues and serum albumin were highly decreased in EAC-bearing mice compared to controls. All these parameters were restored to the normal levels in SA-CMC treated EAC-bearing mice com- pared to the untreated EAC-bearing mice. It is thus concluded that stearic acid-grafted carboxymethyl chitosan has a remarkable antitumor activity against EAC in Swiss albino mice through downregulation of TGF-β and VEGF.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Habib, S. , Aggour, Y. and Taha, H. (2012) Downregulation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing mice using stearic acid-grafted carboxymethyl chitosan (SA-CMC). Natural Science, 4, 808-818. doi: 10.4236/ns.2012.411108.


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