Share This Article:

Assessment of School Infrastructure at Primary and Upper Primary Level: A Geospatial Analysis

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1436KB) PP. 412-424
DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.45047    6,671 Downloads   11,459 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

With the introduction of powerful and high-speed personal computers, proficient techniques for infrastructure development and management have advanced, of which Geoinformatics technology is of great significance. An attempt has been made for broad mapping and analysis of existing infrastructures in the context of planning scheme in Paschim Medinipur district, and to delineate the development zones of educational infrastructure facilities. The thematic layers considered in this study are infrastructure accessibility, type and condition of classroom and number of classroom allocated for the educational system at primary and upper primary level. Moran’s I statistics was used to estimate the spatial distribution of elementary infrastructure across the district. All these themes and their individual features were then assigned weights according to their relative importance in educational development and corresponding normalized weights were obtained based on the Saaty’s analytical hierarchy process. The thematic layers were finally integrated in GIS software based on multi-criteria approach to yield educational development infrastructure index. Moran’s I statistics shows girl’s toilet, electric and boundary wall facility within the district are clustered in pattern at primary level. At the upper primary level, only electric and computer facilities shows the clustered distribution across the district. However, four different zones have been delineated, namely ‘very good’, ‘good’, ‘moderate’ and ‘poor’. The block covered by very good elementary educational infrastructure facility is Daspur –I and Dantan –II at primary level and Keshiary block at upper primary level in Paschim Medinipur district. Finally, it is concluded that the Geoinformatics technology is very efficient and useful for the identification of infrastructure development.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

G. Sankar Bhunia, P. Kumar Shit and S. Dubai, "Assessment of School Infrastructure at Primary and Upper Primary Level: A Geospatial Analysis," Journal of Geographic Information System, Vol. 4 No. 5, 2012, pp. 412-424. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2012.45047.

References

[1] Colclough, Christopher (1980): ‘Primary Schooling and Economic Development: A Review of the Evidence’, World Bank Staff Working Paper No 399, World Bank, Washington DC, USA.
[2] Ayeni AJ, Adelabu MA, (2012). Improving learning infrastructure and environment for sustainable quality assurance practice in secondary schools in Ondo State, South-West, Nigeria. International Journal of Research Studies in Education, 1(1): 61-68. doi:10.5861/ijrse.2012.v1i1.20
[3] Agarwal P, 2006. Higher education in India: the need for change. Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, Working paper no. 180. Available at: http://www.icrier.org-/pdf/icrier_wp180__higher_education_in_india_.pdf
[4] World Health Organization (WHO) Report, 2005. India – National Health System Profile. Available at: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/India_CHP_india.pdf
[5] UNESCO, 2004. India–National Report of the development of education. Forty-seventh session of the International Conference on education, Geneva, 8–11 September, 2004. Available at: http://www.ibe.unesco.org/International/ICE47/English/Natreps/reports/india.pdf
[6] Das A, (2007). How far have we come in Sarva Siksha Abhiyan? Economic and Political Weekly, January 6, pp. 21-23.
[7] MacEachren AM, 1995. How maps work: representation, visualization and design. New York: Guilford Press.
[8] MacEachren AM, Boscoe FP, Haug D, Pickle LW, 1998. Geographic visualization: Designing manipilable maps for exploring temporally varying georeferenced statistics. Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium on Information Visualization, pp. 87-94.
[9] Mitchell, Andy. The ESRI Guide to GIS Analysis, Volume 2. ESRI Press, 2005.
[10] Saaty, T.L., (1980): The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation (New York: McGraw-Hill).
[11] Hunt F (2008) Dropping out from school: a cross-country review of literature. CREATE Pathways to Access, Research Monograph No. 16, May 2008.
[12] Varghese NV (2009). Globalization, economic crisis and national strategies for higher education development. Published by: International Institute for Educational Planning, 7-9 rue Eugène Delacroix, 75116 Paris, France. Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001864/ -186428e.pdf

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.