Share This Article:

Effect of Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil on Germination and Growth Performance of Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench—A Widely Cultivated Vegetable Crop in Nigeria

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:75KB) PP. 1451-1454
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.310174    6,601 Downloads   10,843 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of crude oil-contaminated soil on the germination and growth performance of Abelmoschus esculentus, a widely cultivated vegetable crop in Nigeria. The experiment was conducted in the Screen House, under controlled environmental conditions. The seedling emergence percentage, heights and girths were studied to determine the growth performance of the crop in crude oil-contaminated soil. The result of the investigation revealed that the crude oil-contaminated soil affects the growth performance of Abelmoschus esculentus L. as hindered germination, reduced heights and girths were observed in the crop planted in treated soil and this adversely and severely affects the crop agronomic growth and development and probably its yield. Therefore, contamination of agricultural soils with crude oil should be avoided and public awareness should be created on the detrimental effects of crude oil pollution in our terrestrial ecosystem. Innovative and environmental-friendly remediation strategies should be carried out on our agricultural soils that have been grossly polluted by crude oil exploitation and exploration.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Oyedeji, A. Adebiyi, M. Omotoyinbo and C. Ogunkunle, "Effect of Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil on Germination and Growth Performance of Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench—A Widely Cultivated Vegetable Crop in Nigeria," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2012, pp. 1451-1454. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.310174.

References

[1] C. O. Adenipekun and L. Q. Kassim, “Effects of Spent Engine Oil on the Growth Parametersand Moisture Content of Celosia argentea,” Proceeding of the 15th Annual Botanical Society of Nigeria Conference, University of Uyo, Uyo, 4-8 March, 2006, pp. 108-111.
[2] C. O. Adenipekun, O. J. Oyetunji and L. Q. Kassim, “Screening of Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench for Tolerance to Spent Engine,” Journal of Applied Biosciences, Vol. 20, 2009, pp. 1131-1137.
[3] F. H. Cook and D. W. S. Westlake, “Microbial Degradation of Northern Crude Oils,” Northern Pipeline Task Force Report, Environmental-Social Program, Vol. 74, 1974, p. 1.
[4] R. A. O. Odejimi and O. Oghalu, “Physiological Impact of Crude Oil Polluted Soil on Growth Carbohydrate and Protein Level of Edible Shoots of Fluted Pumpkin (Telferia occidentalis),” Proceedings of the 15th Annual Botanical Society of Nigeria Conference, University of Uyo, Uyo, 4-8 March, 2006, pp. 102-105.
[5] E. De Jong, “The Effect of a Crude Oil Spill on Cereals,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 22, 1980, pp. 172-196.
[6] L. Bossert and R. Bartha, “The Fate of Petroleum in the Soil Ecosystem,” In: R. M. Atlas, Ed., Petroleum Microbiology, Macmillian, New York, 1984, pp. 435-479.
[7] C. T. I. Odu, “Degradation and Weathering Crude Oil under Tropical Condition,” Proceeding of International Seminar of the NNPC, Warri, 9-12 November 1981, pp. 164-170.
[8] G. O. Anoliefo and D. E. Vwioko, “Effect of Spent Engine Lubricating Oil on the Growth of Capsicum annuum L. and Lycopersicon esculentus, Mill,” Environmental Pollution, Vol. 88, 1995, pp. 361-364. doi:10.1016/0269-7491(95)93451-5
[9] M. A. Faluyi, “Investigation on Seedling Vigour in Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.),” Plant Breeding, Vol. 97, No. 3, 1986, pp. 237-245. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0523.1986.tb01059.x
[10] E. K. Chacko and R. N. Singh, “The Effect of Gibberellic Acids on Substrate Growth,” Trop. Agric. Trin., Vol. 43, 1966, pp. 341-346.
[11] J. Kayode, “A Study of Seed Stock in Rainforest Sites of Ado-Ekiti Region, Nigeria,” Bioscience Research Communications, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2000, pp. 325-329.
[12] E. J. Udo and A. A. Fayemi, “The Effect of Oil Polluted Soil on Germination, Growth Andnutrient Uptake of Corn,” Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1975, pp. 537-540. doi:10.2134/jeq1975.00472425000400040023x
[13] C. O. Nwoko, P. N. Okeke, O. O. Agwu and I. E. Apkan, “Performance of Phaseolusvulgaris L. in a Soil Contaminated with Spent Engine Oil,” African Journal of Biote- chnology, Vol. 6, No. 16, 2007, pp. 1922-1925.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.