Share This Article:

Speciation and Geochemical Behaviour of Heavy Metals in Industrial Area Soil of Mysore City, India

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:725KB) PP. 1384-1392
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.310157    4,278 Downloads   6,709 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil is a major reservoir for contaminants as it possesses an ability to bind various chemicals. These chemicals can exist in various forms in soil and different forces keep them bound to soil particles. It is essential to study these interactions because the toxicity of chemicals may strongly depend on the form in which they exist in the environment. Another thing is that soil variability and some environmental properties may change in soil and cause leaching of trace toxic elements like heavy metals tightly bound to soil particles. Metals associated with urban soil are of environmental concern because of their direct and indirect effects on human health. The main purposes of this study undertaken in the Mysore city industrial zone were to identify heavy metals with dangerous environmental load and to find out of their environmental impact (Fe, Cr, Cu, Zn, and Ni). The purpose of this work was to provide information on heavy metals concentration in industrial zone soil of Mysore city, India. Soil samples were analyzed for pH, organic matter, and electrical conductivity. Total and available heavy metal concentrations were determined by AAS. In the present study, heavy metal speciation in soil sample carried out were shows that all metals were mainly associated with the oxidizable and residual fraction, which allows us to predict their mobility in the soil sample.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Shivakumar, S. Srikantaswamy, S. Sreenivasa and B. Kiran, "Speciation and Geochemical Behaviour of Heavy Metals in Industrial Area Soil of Mysore City, India," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3 No. 10, 2012, pp. 1384-1392. doi: 10.4236/jep.2012.310157.

References

[1] J. Casado-Vela, S. Sellés, C. Díaz-Crespo, J. Navarro- Pedren?, J. Mataix-Beneytob and I. Gómez, “Effect of Composted Sewage Sludge Application to Soil on Sweet Pepper Crop (Capsicum Annuum Var. Annuum) Grown Under Two Exploitation Regimes,” Waste Management, Vol. 27, No. 11, 2007, pp. 1509-1518.
[2] C. García, T. Hernández and F. Costa, “The Influence of Composting on the Fertilizing Value of Anaerobic Sewage Sludge,” Plant and Soil, Vol. 136, No. 2, 1991, pp. 269-272. doi:10.1007/BF02150059
[3] S. Bai, S. Srikantaswamy, V. Krishnanandan and O. P. Naik, “Speciation of Heavy Metals in Biosolids of Waste-water Treatment Plants at Mysore, Karnataka, India,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 184, No. 1, 2012, pp. 239-249. doi:10.1007/s10661-011-1964-3
[4] M. L. A. Silveira, L. R. F. Alleoni, L. R. G. Guilherme, “A Review on Biosolids and Heavy Metals in Soils,” Scientia Agricola, Vol. 60, No. 4, 2003, pp. 793-806. doi:10.1590/S0103-90162003000400029
[5] N. S. Chary, C. T. Kamala and D. S. S. Raj, “Assessing Risk of Heavy Metals from Consuming Food Grown on Sewage Irrigated Soils and Food Chain Transfer,” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol. 69, No. 3, 2008, pp. 513-524. doi:10.1016/j.ecoenv.2007.04.013
[6] P. Szefer, “Distribution of Trace Metals in the Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea gigas, and Crabs from the East Coast of Kyushu Island, Japan,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Vol. 58, No. 1, 1997, pp. 108- 114. doi:10.1007/s001289900307
[7] G. P. Glasby and Szefer, “Marine Pollution in Gdansk Bay and the Vistula Lagoon, Poland: An Overview,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 212, No. 1, 1998, pp. 49-57.
[8] J. M. Pacyna, “Global Perspectives on Lead, Mercury and Cadmium Cycling in the Environment,” Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 1994, pp. 315-328.
[9] A. Dube, T. Kowalkowski, R. Zbytniewski, P. Kosobucki, E. Cukrowska and B. Buszewski, “Chemical Speciation of Heavy Metals in Environmental Samples,” Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Physico-Chemical Methods of the Mixtures Separation—Ars- Separatoria’ 2000, Borowno N. Bydgoszcz, Poland, 14-17 June 2000, p. 21.
[10] A. Kot and J. Namiesnik, “Trends in Analytical Chemistry,” Vol. 19, 2000, p. 69.
[11] R. M. Ison, D. P. H. Laxen and S. J. Wilson, “Chemical Association of Lead, Cadmium, Copper and Zinc in Street Dust and Roadside Soil,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 15, No. 11, 1981, pp. 1378-1383. doi:10.1021/es00093a013
[12] B. Pérez-Cid, I. Lavilla and C. Bendicho, “Analytical As- sessment of Two Sequential Extraction Schemes for Metal Partitioning in Sewage Sludges,” Analyst, Vol. 121, No. 10, 1996, pp. 1479-1484. doi:10.1039/an9962101479
[13] T. Rudd, J. A. Campbell and J. N. Lester, “Characterisation of Metal Forms in Sewage Sludges by Chemical Extraction,” In: J. N. Lester, R. Perry and R. M. Sterritt, Eds., Chemicals in the Environment, Selper, London, 1986, pp. 756-771.
[14] A. M. Ure and C. M. Davidson, “Chemical Speciation in the Environment,” Blackie, Glasgow, 1995.
[15] J. L. Fraser and K. M. Lum, “Availability of Elements of Environmental Importance in Incinerated Sludge Ash,” Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 17, No. 1, 1983, pp. 52-54. doi:10.1021/es00107a013
[16] L. D. Vela, R. E. Jervis and S. S. Krishnan, “The Leachability of Elements in Solid Wastes,” Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Vol. 169, No. 1, 1993, pp. 39-45. doi:10.1007/BF02046781
[17] M. J. Gonzalez, L. Ramos and L. M. Hernández, “Organochlorine and Heavy Metal Residues in the Water/ Sediment System of the South East Regional Park in Madrid, Spain,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 2, 1995, pp. 135-150. doi:10.1080/03067319408027419
[18] G. Rauret, R. Rubio, J. F. López-Sanchez and E. Casassas, “Specific Procedure for Metal Solid Speciation in Heavily Polluted River Sediments,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry Vol. 35, No. 2, 1989, pp. 89-100. doi:10.1080/03067318908028382
[19] Ph. Quevauviller, G. Rauret and B. Griepink, “Single and Sequential Extraction in Sediments and Soil,” International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 1-4, 1993, pp. 231-235. doi:10.1080/03067319308027629
[20] R. C. Canadas, J. Rodriguez and V. Cala, “Distribution of Pb, Cd, Cu and Cr between Solid Phases in Some Soil Types,” Journal of Soil Science and Agrobiology, Air Quality and Health, Vol. 45, No. 5-6, 1996, pp. 613-630.
[21] L. Lindsay, “Chemical Equilibria in Soil,” Wiley, New York, 1979.
[22] X. Li, B. J. Coles, M. H. Ramsey and I. Thornton, “Sequential Extraction of Soil for Multielement Analysis by ICP-AES,” Chemical Geology, Vol. 124, No. 1-2, 1995, pp. 109-123. doi:10.1016/0009-2541(95)00029-L
[23] A. Tessier, P. G. C. Campbell and M. Bisson, “Sequential Extraction Procedure for the Speciation of Particulate Traces Metal,” Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 51, No. 7, 1979, pp. 844-851. doi:10.1021/ac50043a017
[24] G. Rauret, R. Rubio and J. F. López-Sanchez, “Optimization of Tessier Procedure for Metal Solid Speciationin River-Sediments,” International Journal of Environmen- tal Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1989, pp. 69-83.doi:10.1080/03067318908026859
[25] M. A. Stylianou, D. Kollia, K.-J. Haralambous, V. J. Inglezakis, K. G. Moustakas and M. D. Loizidou, “Effect of Acid Treatment on the Removal of Heavy Metals from Sewage Biosolid,” Desalination, Vol. 215, No. 1-3, 2007, pp. 73-81. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2006.11.015
[26] J. Kwapulinski and D. Wiechula, “Forms of Selected Heavy Metals in the Bottom Sediments of Goczalkowice Reservoir, Chemistry and Environmental Protection,” Polytechnical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland, 1993.
[27] R. G. McLaren and L. M. Clucas, “ Fractionation of Copper, Nickel, and Zinc in Metal-Spiked Sewage Sludge,” Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2001, pp. 1968-1975. doi:10.2134/jeq2001.1968
[28] R. Zufiaurrea, A. Olivara, P. Chamorroa, C. Nerín and A. Callizoa, “Speciation of Metals in Sewage Biosolid for Agricultural Uses,” Analyst, Vol. 123, No. 2, 1998, pp. 255-259. doi:10.1039/a705168i

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.