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Tunable Reflection Bands and Defect Modes in One-Dimensional Tilted Photonic Crystal Structure

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DOI: 10.4236/opj.2012.223035    3,362 Downloads   6,391 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We show theoretically that range of reflection bands and defect modes inside the band gap can be tuned by using a one-dimensional tilted photonic crystal (TPC) structure. A TPC structure is similar to the conventional PC structure with the only difference that in this case alternate layers are inclined at certain angle in the direction of periodicity of the structure. In order to obtain the reflectance spectra of the proposed structure transfer matrix method (TMM) has been employed. From the analysis of the reflectance curve, it is found that 100% reflectance range can be varied and enhanced by using TPC structure for both (TE- and TM-) polarizations. The enhancement in reflection bands increases as the tilt angle increases for both the polarizations and hence the enlarged omni-reflectance bands are obtained. Further, we study the properties of the defect modes in TPC structure by introducing the tilted defect at the different tilt angle. The results show that defect modes (tunneling modes) can be tuned at different wavelengths by changing the tilt angle of the structure without changing other parameters. Finally, the effect of variation thickness of defect layers on the tunneling mode has been studied for both TPC and conventional PC structure. The proposed model might be used as a tunable broadband omnidirectional reflector as well as tunable tunneling or transmission mode, which has potential applications in the field of photonics and optoelectronics.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Srivastava, M. Upadhyay, S. Awasthi and S. Ojha, "Tunable Reflection Bands and Defect Modes in One-Dimensional Tilted Photonic Crystal Structure," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 2 No. 3A, 2012, pp. 230-236. doi: 10.4236/opj.2012.223035.

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