Share This Article:

Yoga Reduces Prenatal Depression Symptoms

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:122KB) PP. 782-786
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.329118    5,155 Downloads   8,618 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This research assessed the effects of yoga on prenatal depression symptoms using archival data. Depressed pregnant women were randomly assigned to either a yoga treatment group (n = 12) or a parenting education control group (n = 12). Women in the yoga group participated in classes two times a week for a period of 12 weeks. The attention control group received 12 parenting education sessions on the same schedule. The yoga versus control group showed greater decreases on the depressed affect and somatic/ vegetative subscales and the summary score of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Thus, yoga appears to reduce depression symptoms in pregnant women.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mitchell, J. , Field, T. , Diego, M. , Bendell, D. , Newton, R. & Pelaez, M. (2012). Yoga Reduces Prenatal Depression Symptoms. Psychology, 3, 782-786. doi: 10.4236/psych.2012.329118.

References

[1] Battle, C. L., Uebelacker, L. A., Howard, M., & Castaneda, M. (2010). Prenatal yoga and depression during pregnancy. Birth, 37, 353-354. doi:10.1111/j.1523-536X.2010.00435_1.x
[2] Bodenlos, J. S., Kose, S., Borckardt, J. J., Nahas, Z., Shaw, D., O’Neil, P. M., George, M. S. (2007). Vagus nerve stimulation and emotional responses to food among depressed patients. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 1, 771-779.
[3] Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation (2010). Prematurity. In Price of care (pp. 1-12). Ann Arbor, MI: Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation.
[4] Dayan, J., Creveuil, C., Marks, M. N., Conroy, S., Herlicoviez, M., Dreyfus, M., & Tordjman, S. (2006). Prenatal depression, prenatal anxiety, and spontaneous preterm birth: A prospective cohort study among women with early and regular care. Psychosomatic Medicine, 68, 938-946. doi:10.1097/01.psy.0000244025.20549.bd
[5] Edge, D. (2007). Ethnicity, psychosocial risk, and perinatal depression: A comparative study among innercity women in the United King- dom. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63, 291-295. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.02.013
[6] El-Sheikh, M., Erath, S. A., & Keller, P. S. (2007). Children’s sleep and adjustment: The moderating role of vagal regulation. Journal of Sleep Research, 16, 396-405. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2007.00618.x
[7] Essau, C. A., Lewinsohn, P. M., Seeley, J. R., Sasagawa, S. (2010). Gen- der differences in the developmental course of depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 127, 185-190. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2010.05.016
[8] Field, T. (2011a). Prenatal depression effects on early development: A review. Infant Behavior and Development, 34, 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.09.008
[9] Field, T. (2011b). Yoga clinical research review. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 17, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.09.007
[10] Field, T., Diego, M., Dieter, J., Hernandez-Reif, M., Schanberg, S., Kuhn, C., Bendell, D. (2004). Prenatal depression effects on the fetus and the newborn. Infant Behavior & Development, 27, 216-229. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2003.09.010
[11] Field, T., Diego, M., & Hernandez-Reif, M. (2009). Depressed mothers’ infants are less responsive to faces and voices. Infant Behavior and Development, 32, 239-244. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.03.005
[12] Field, T., Diego, M., & Hernandez-Reif, M. (2010). Prenatal depression effects and interventions: A review. Infant Behavior and Development, 33, 409-418. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.04.005
[13] Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M., Deeds, O., & Figueiredo, B. (2009). Pregnancy massage reduces prematurity, low birthweight and postpartum depression. Infant Behavior and Development, 32, 454- 460. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.07.001
[14] Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M., Deeds, O., Holder, V., Schan- berg, S., & Kuhn, C. (2009). Depressed pregnant black women have a greater incidence of prematurity and Low birthweight outcomes. Infant Behavior and Development, 32, 10-16. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.09.005
[15] Field, T., Diego, M., Hernandez-Reif, M., Schanberg, S., & Kuhn, C. (2004). Massage therapy effects on depressed pregnant women. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 25, 115-122. doi:10.1080/01674820412331282231
[16] Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., & Diego, M. (2011). Depressed mothers’ newborns are less responsive to animate and inanimate stimuli. Infant and Child Development, 20, 94-105. doi:10.1002/icd.687
[17] Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Diego, M., Figueiredo, B., Schanberg, S., & Kuhn, C. (2006). Prenatal cortisol, prematurity and low birth- weight. Infant Behavior and Development, 29, 268-275. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2005.12.010
[18] Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Hart, S., Theakston, H., Schanberg, S., & Kuhn, C. (1999). Pregnant women benefit from massage therapy. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, 20, 31-38.
[19] Frisch, U., & Riecher-R?ssler, A. (2010). Depression during pregnancy. Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique, 67, 571-575. doi:10.1024/0040-5930/a000097
[20] Gavin, A. R., Melville, J. L., Rue, T., Guo, Y., Dina, K. T., Katon, W. J. (2011). Racial differences in the prevalence of antenatal depression. General Hospital Psychiatry, 33, 87-93. doi:10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2010.11.012
[21] Hay, D. F., Pawlby, S., Waters, C. S., Perra, O., & Sharp, D. (2010). Mothers’ antenatal depression and their children’s antisocial outcomes. Child Development, 81, 149-165. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01386.x
[22] Kessler, R. C., Birnbaum, H., Bromet, E., Hwang, I., Sampson, N., Shahly, V. (2010). Age differences in major depression: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R). Psychological Medicine, 40, 225-237. doi:10.1017/S0033291709990213
[23] Kim, H. G., Mandell, M., Crandall, C., Kuskowski, M. A., Dieperink, B., & Buchberger, R. L. (2006). Antenatal psychiatric illness and adequacy of prenatal care in an ethnically diverse innercity obstetric population. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 9, 103-107. doi:10.1007/s00737-005-0117-5
[24] Lancaster, C. A., Gold, K. J., Flynn, H. A., Yoo, H., Marcus, S. M., & Davis, M. M. (2010). Risk factors for depressive symptoms during pregnancy: A systematic review. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 202, 5-14. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2009.09.007
[25] Maloni, J. A., Park, S., Anthony, M. K., & Musil, C. M. (2005). Measurement of antepartum depressive symptoms during high-risk preg- nancy. Research in Nursing & Health, 28, 16-26. doi:10.1002/nur.20051
[26] Martin, J. A., Osterman, M. J. K., & Sutton, P. D. (2010). Are preterm births on the decline in the United States? Recent data from the National Vital Statistics System. NCHS Data Brief, 39, 1-8.
[27] Melville, J. L., Gavin, A., Guo, Y., Fan, M.-Y., & Katon, W. J. (2010). Depressive disorders during pregnancy: Prevalence and risk factors in a large urban sample. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 116, 1064-1070. doi:10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181f60b0a
[28] Narendran, S., Nagarathna, R., Narendran, V., Gunasheela, S., & Nagendra, H. R. R. (2005). Efficacy of yoga on pregnancy outcome. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11, 237-244. doi:10.1089/acm.2005.11.237
[29] Nguyen, H. T., Kitner-Triolo, M., Evans, M. K., & Zonderman, A. B. (2004). Factorial invariance of the CES-D in low socioeconomic status African Americans compared with a nationally representative sample. Psychiatry Research, 126, 177-187. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2004.02.004
[30] Orr, S. T., Blazer, D. G., & James, S. A. (2006). Racial disparities in elevated prenatal depressive symptoms among black and white women in eastern North Carolina. Annals of Epidemiology, 16, 463-468. doi:10.1016/j.annepidem.2005.08.004
[31] Porges, S. W. (2001). The polyvagal theory: Phylogenetic substrates of a social nervous system. International Journal of Psychophysiology: Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology, 42, 123-146. doi:10.1016/S0167-8760(01)00162-3
[32] Radloff, L. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Methods, 1, 385-401. doi:10.1177/014662167700100306
[33] Radloff, L., & Teri, L. (1986). Use of the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale with older adults. Clinical Gerontologist, 5, 119-135. doi:10.1300/J018v05n01_06
[34] Roberts, R. E. (1980). Reliability of the CES-D scale in different ethnic contexts. Psychiatry Research, 2, 125-134. doi:10.1016/0165-1781(80)90069-4
[35] Ross, A., & Thomas, S. (2010). The health benefits of yoga and exercise: A review of comparison studies. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16, 3-12. doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0044
[36] Thomas, J. L., Jones, G. N., Scarinci, I. C., Mehan, D. J, & Brantley, P. J. (2001). The utility of the CES-D as a depression screening measure among low-income women attending primary care clinics. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 31, 25-40. doi:10.2190/FUFR-PK9F-6U10-JXRK
[37] Vesga-Lopez, O., Blanco, C., Keyes, K., Olfson, M., Grant, B. F., Hasin, D. S. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in pregnant and postpartum women in the United States. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 805-815. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.65.7.805
[38] Weinfield, N. S., Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., & Carlson, E. (2008). Individual differences in infant-caregiver attachment: Conceptual and empirical aspects of security. In J. Cassidy, & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment: Theory, research, and clinical applications (2nd ed., pp. 78-101). New York: Guilford Press.
[39] Weissman, M. M., Sholomskas, D., Pottenger, M., Prusoff, B. A., & Locke, B. Z. (1977). Assessing depressive symtoms in five psychiatric populations: A validation study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 106, 203-214.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.