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Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of common bacterial pathogens in NICU and neonatal ward in Hamedan province of Iran

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.26094    6,902 Downloads   11,977 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Bacterial pathogens and drug resistance are different in hospitals of each country. In this study we determined bacterial path- ogens and drug sensitivity in the neonatal ward and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in Ekbatan hospital in Hamedan. This cross-sectional descriptive study was done on 1150 hospitalized neonates in neonatal and NICU wards of Ekbatan hospital of the Hamadan university of medical sciences from September 2004 to September 2006. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), urine, stool, eye excretion, synovial fluid, umbilical secretion and ascitic fluid were evaluated. Positive cultures were evaluated for antibiotic resistance with disk diffusion test methed. All of the data in questionnaires was analyzed with SPSS 13. Cultures including blood, urine, CSF , stool, eye excretion, synovial fluid, umbilical secretion and ascitic fluid was done in 417 neonates (833 cultures). These cultures were including: urine, 323 cases (38.8%) blood 293 cases (35.2%), CSF 180 cases (21.6%) , stool 17 cases (2%), eye secretion 16 cases (1.9%) and other secretions (synovial, umbilical, etc) 4 cases (0.5%). The cultures were positive in 105 cases (25.2%). 60 male neonates (57.1%) and 45 female neonates (42.9%) were culture positive. The most common microorganisms were E coli 66.7% (70 cases), Klebsiella 10.5% (11 cases). Drug resistance was high in these microorganisms. The most common microorganisms were Ecoli and klebsiella. Drug resistance was high in the isolated microorganisms.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Monsef, A. and Eghbalian, F. (2010) Antibiotic sensitivity pattern of common bacterial pathogens in NICU and neonatal ward in Hamedan province of Iran. Health, 2, 625-629. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.26094.

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