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Relevant Enzymes, Genes and Regulation Mechanisms in Biosynthesis Pathway of Stilbenes

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.22003    6,612 Downloads   12,601 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Stilbenes are natural phenolic compounds which function as antimicrobial phytoalexins in plants and affect human health as cardioprotective, antibaceteria, antioxidative and antineoplastic agents. In this review, the progresses of study on relevant enzymes, genes, and regulation mechanism in biosynthesis pathway of stilbenes are described. Here we introduce a holistic and systematic method of researching relevant enzymes, genes and other regulatory factors in biosynthesis pathway of stilbenes—Systems biology. The application of knowledge of relative enzymes, genes and regulation mechanisms in stilbenes biosynthesis in metabolic engineering which is used as a tool of improving the disease resistance of plants and health caring quality of crops is also discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. LU, W. ZHAO and S. ZHAO, "Relevant Enzymes, Genes and Regulation Mechanisms in Biosynthesis Pathway of Stilbenes," Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 15-23. doi: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.22003.

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