Share This Article:

Evaluation of the mood repair hypothesis of compulsive buying

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:181KB) PP. 83-90
DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.22012    5,161 Downloads   9,772 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Compulsive buying (CB) is a proposed disorder of dysregulated buying behaviour that is associated with high rates of Axis I comorbidity, particularly depression and anxiety. It has been proposed that purchasing behaviours may serve as a maladaptive means of alleviating negative affect in vulnerable individuals. The aim of the current study was to experimentally manipulate affect to test this mood repair hypothesis. Compulsive buyers (n = 26) and pathological gamblers (n = 23) diagnosed using structured clinical interviews (SCID) and healthy controls (n = 24) were randomly assigned to either a negative or positive mood-induction procedure (MIP) and participated in an experimental buying task. Results revealed that, irrespective of mood induction condition, compulsive buyers reported a greater urge to acquire items, purchased more items, and spent a greater total amount of money during the buying task when compared to the healthy control group. Compulsive buyers were also faster than pathological gamblers in making decisions to purchase, even after controlling for motor impulsivity (BIS). There was, however, no main effect of mood-induction condition or group by condition interaction. Limitations and future directions are discussed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Williams, A. (2012) Evaluation of the mood repair hypothesis of compulsive buying. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 2, 83-90. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2012.22012.

References

[1] American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th Edition, American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC.
[2] McElroy, S., Keck, P.E., Pope, H.G., Smith, C.L. and Strakowski, S.M. (1994) Compulsive buying: A report of 20 cases. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 55, 242-248.
[3] Mueller, A., Mitchell, J.E., Crosby, R.D., Gefeller, O., Faber, R.J., Martin, A., et al. (2010) Estimated prevalence of compulsive buying in Germany and its association with sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. Psychiatry Research, 180, 137-142. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.12.001
[4] Black, D.W. (1996) Compulsive buying: A review. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 57, 50-54.
[5] Lejoyeux, M., Bailly, F., Moula, H., Loi, S. and Adès, J. (1997) Study of compulsive buying in depressed patients. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 58, 169-173. doi:10.4088/JCP.v58n0406
[6] O’Guinn, T.C. and Faber, R.J. (1989) Compulsive buying: A phenomenological exploration. Journal of Consumer Research, 16, 147-157. doi:10.1086/209204
[7] Williams, A.D. (in press) Quality of life and psychiatric work impairment in compulsive buying: Increased symptom severity as a function of acquisition behaviours. Comprehensive Psychiatry.
[8] Christenson, G.A., Faber, J.R. and De Zwann, M. (1994) Compulsive buying: Descriptive characteristics and psychaitric comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 55, 5-11.
[9] Schlosser, S., Black, D.W., Repertinger, S. and Freet, D. (1994) Compulsive buying. Demography, phenomenology, and comorbidity in 46 subjects. General Hospital Psychiatry, 16, 205-212. doi:10.1016/0163-8343(94)90103-1
[10] Miltenberger, R.G., Redlin, J., Crosby, R., Stickney, M., Mitchell, J., Wonderlich, S., et al. (2003) Direct and retrospective assessment of factors contributing to compulsive buying. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 34, 1-9. doi:10.1016/S0005-7916(03)00002-8
[11] De Zwaan, M. (2011) Psychiatric comorbidity and compulsive buying compulsive buying: Clinical foundations and treatment. Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group, New York.
[12] Faber, R.J. and Christenson, G.A. (1996) In the mood to buy: Differences in the mood states experienced by compulsive buyers and other consumers. Psychology and Marketing, 13, 803-820. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6793(199612)13:8<803::AID-MAR6>3.3.CO;2-2
[13] Williams, A.D. and Grisham, J. R. (in press) Impulsivity, emotion regulation, and mindful attentional focus in compulsive buying. Cognitive Therapy and Research.
[14] Kellett, S. and Bolton, J.V. (2009) Compulsive buying: A cognitive-behavioural model. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 16, 83-99. doi:10.1002/cpp.585
[15] First, M.B., Spitzer, R.L., Gibbon, M. and Williams, J. (2002) Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I disorders, research version. Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York.
[16] Watson, D., Clark, L.A. and Tellegen, A. (1988) Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063
[17] Patton, J.H., Stanford, M.S. and Barratt, E.S. (1995) Factor structure of the barratt impulsiveness scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 768-774. doi:10.1002/1097-4679(199511)51:6<768::AID-JCLP2270510607>3.0.CO;2-1
[18] Stanford, M.S., Mathias, C.W., Dougherty, D.M., Lake, S.L., Anderson, N.E. and Patton, J. H. (2009) Fifty years of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale: An update and review. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 385-395. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.04.008
[19] Lovibond, S.H. and Lovibond, P.F. (1995) Manual for the depression anxiety and stress scales. 2nd Edition, Psychological Foundation, Sydney.
[20] Henry, J.D. and Crawford, J.R. (2005) The short-form version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): Construct validity and normative data in a large non-clinical sample. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 227-239. doi:10.1348/014466505X29657
[21] Monahan, P., Black, D.W. and Gabel, J. (1996) Reliability and validity of a scale to measure change in persons with compulsive buying. Psychiatry Research, 64, 59-67. doi:10.1016/0165-1781(96)02908-3
[22] Lesieur, H.R. and Blume, S.B. (1987) The South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS): A new instrument for the identification of pathological gamblers. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 1184-1188.
[23] Petry, N.M. (2003) Patterns and correlates of gamblers anonymous attendance in pathological seeking professional treatment. Addictive Behaviors, 28, 1049-1062. doi:10.1016/S0306-4603(02)00233-2
[24] Stinchfield, R. (2002) Reliability, validity, and classification accuracy of the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Addictive Behaviors, 27, 1-19. doi:10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00158-1
[25] First, M.B. (2008 draft) Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR impulse control disorders not elsewhere classified (SCID-ICD). Biometrics Research Department.
[26] Velten, E. Jr. (1968) A laboratory task for induction of mood states. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 6, 473-482. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(68)90028-4
[27] Gerrards-Hesse, A., Spies, K. and Hesse, F.W. (1994) Experimental inductions of emotional states and their effectiveness: A review. British Journal of Psychology, 85, 55-78. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8295.1994.tb02508.x
[28] Sinclair, R.C., Mark, M.M., Enzle, M.E., Borkovec, T.D., et al. (1994) Toward a multiple-method view of mood induction: The appropriateness of a modified Velten mood induction technique and the problems of procedures with group assignment to conditions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 15, 389-408. doi:10.1207/s15324834basp1504_1
[29] Koran, L.M., Chuong, H.W., Bullock, K.D. and Smith, S.C. (2003) Citalopram for compulsive shopping disorder: An open-label study followed by double-blind discontinuation. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64, 793-798. doi:10.4088/JCP.v64n0709
[30] Black, D.W., Shaw, M. and Blum, N. (2010) Pathological gambling and compulsive buying: Do they fall within an obsessive-compulsive spectrum? Dialogues Clinical Neuroscience, 12, 175-185.
[31] Faber, R.J. (2011) Diagnosis and epidemiology of compulsive buying compulsive buying: Clinical foundations and treatment. Routledge/Taylor and Francis Group, New York.
[32] Faber, R.J. and Vohs, K.D. (2011) Self-regulation and spending: Evidence from impulsive and compulsive buying handbook of self-regulation: research, theory, and applications. 2nd Edition, Guilford Press, New York.
[33] Black, D.W. (2007) A review of compulsive buying disorder. World Psychiatry, 6, 14-18.
[34] DeSarbo, W.S. and Edwards, E.A. (1996) Typologies of compulsive buying behavior: A constrained clusterwise regression approach. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 5, 231-262. doi:10.1207/s15327663jcp0503_02
[35] Nataraajan, R. and Goff, B.G. (1992). Manifestations of compulsiveness in the consumer-marketplace domain. Psychology and Marketing, 9, 31-44. doi:10.1002/mar.4220090105
[36] Westermann, R., Spies, K., Stahl, G. and Hesse, F.W. (1996) Relative effectiveness and validity of mood induction procedures: A meta-analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 557-580. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0992(199607)26:4<557::AID-EJSP769>3.3.CO;2-W

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.