Share This Article:

Runoff Estimation for Suggested Water Harvesting Sites in the Northern Jordanian Badia

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:760KB) PP. 127-132
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.43015    4,395 Downloads   7,853 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Jordan is characterized by severe weather conditions, therefore great temporal and spatial variations in rainfall; runoff and evaporation amounts are expected. Water harvesting has been practiced in Jordan throughout history for both irrigation and household purposes. A major research project was carried out in the Jordanian Badia on site selection criteria for rain water harvesting systems based on the integration between indigenous knowledge and the use of Geo-informatics. This work was followed by conducting a geophysical and soil investigation for five potential sites. In this study, GIS was used to investigate the potential of having enough runoff in the five selected sites to establish water harvesting dams based on rainfall, evaporation data and catchments’ areas for the selected sites. It was found that the estimated runoff that could be harvested on annual basis at these sites varies between 0.2 Million Cubic Meters (MCM) in Alaasra site to 0.82 MCM in Al-Manareh (Al-Ghuliasi) site. This indicates that these sites have the potential for small scale water harvesting that could be utilized by local livestock owners in the area to water their livestock.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Al Ayyash, R. Al-Adamat, H. Al-Amoush, O. Al-Meshan, Z. Rawjefih, A. Shdeifat, A. Al-Harahsheh and M. Al-Farajat, "Runoff Estimation for Suggested Water Harvesting Sites in the Northern Jordanian Badia," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 4 No. 3, 2012, pp. 127-132. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.43015.

References

[1] S. M. AlAyyash and F. N. Nnadi, “Surface Water Management in Arid Lands of Jordan with GIS Application,” Proceedings of American Water Resources Association Summer Specialty Conference, Decision Support Systems for Water Resources Management, Snowbird, Utah, 27-30 June 2001.
[2] Z. S. Tarawneh, N. A. Hadadin and A. N. Bdour, “Policies to Enhance Water Sector in Jordan,” American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2008, pp. 698-704. doi:10.3844/ajassp.2008.698.704
[3] D. Prinz, “Water Harvesting: Past and Future,” In: L. S. Pereira, Ed., Proceedings of Sustainability of Irrigated Agriculture, NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Vimeiro, Balkema, Rotterdam, 21-26 March 1996, pp. 135-144.
[4] R. A. AbdelKhaleq and I. Ahmed Alhaj, “Rainwater Harvesting in Ancient Civilizations in Jordan,” Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2007, pp. 85-93. doi:10.2166/ws.2007.010
[5] R. Al-Adamat, A. Diabat and G. Shatnawi, “Combining GIS with Multicriteria Decision Making for Siting Water Harvesting Ponds in Northern Jordan,” Journal of Arid Environments, Vol. 74, 2010, pp. 1471-1477. doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.07.001
[6] O. V. Barron, D. Pollock and W. Dawes, “Evaluation of Catchment contributing Areas and Storm Runoff in Flat Terrain Subject to Urbanization,” Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 15, 2011, pp. 547-559. doi:10.5194/hess-15-547-2011
[7] H. G. Coskun and E. Alparslan, “Environmental Modelling of Omerli Catchment Area in Istanbul, Turkey Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 153, No. 1-4, 2002, pp. 323-332.
[8] H. Mitasova, J. Hofierka, M. Zlocha and L. R. Iverson, “Modelling Topographic Potential for Erosion and Deposition Using GIS,” International Journal of Geo- graphical Information Systems, Vol. 10, No. 5, 1996, pp. 629-641.
[9] H. Sch?uble, O. Marinoni and M. Hinderer, “A GIS-Based Method to Calculate Flow Accumulation by Considering Dams and Their Specific Operation Time,” Computers & Geosciences, Vol. 34, No. 6, 2008, pp. 635-646.
[10] S. Yu. Schreider, A. J. Jakeman, R. A. Letcher, R. J. Na- than, B. P. Neal and S. G. Beavis, “Detecting Changes in Stream Flow Response to Changes in Non-Climatic Catchment Conditions: Farm Dam Development in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia,” Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 262, No. 1-4, 2002, pp. 84-98.
[11] S. A. Taqieddin, A. S. Al-Homoud, A. Awad and S. AlAyyash, “Geological and Hydrological Investigation of a Water Collection System in Arid Jordanian Lands,” Environmental Geology, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1995, pp. 252-261. doi:10.1007/BF00770476
[12] R. Al-Adamat, “GIS as a Decision Support System for Siting Water Harvesting Ponds in Jordan,” Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, Vol. 10 No. 2, 2008, pp. 189-206. doi:10.1142/S1464333208003020
[13] R. Al-Adamat, et al., “Predicted Soil Organic Carbon Stocks and Changes in Jordan between 2000 and 2030 Made Using the GEFSOC Modelling System,” In: E. Milne, D. S. Powlson and C. E. P. Cerri, Eds., Soil Carbon Stocks at Regional Scales, Journal of Agricultural Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 122, No. 1, 2007, pp. 35-45.
[14] S. M. AlAyyash, F. N. Nnadi and R. S. Shatnawi, “A Surface Water Management Tool for Arid Lands Using GIS—A Jordan Badia Case Study,” In: R. W. Dutton and M. I. Shahbaz, Eds., Jordan’s Arid Badia: Deepening Our Understanding, Smith-Gordon and Company, UK, 2008.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.