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Palynological Studies of Some Species of Aspleniaceae-Pteridophyta

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2012.33048    5,012 Downloads   10,130 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Palynology of six fern species belonging to the family Aspleniaceae from Saudi Arabia are investigated by light microscope (LM). These are: Asplenium aethiopicum, Asplenium trichomanes, Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, Asplenium sp.1, Asplenium sp.2 and Ceterach officinarum. All studied spores are oblate-spheroidal in shape class, with 11 - 50 μm in equatorial diameter and with 12 - 49 μm in polar diameter. Two types of spores are recognized: monolete spores in Asplenium aethiopicum, Asplenium trichomanes, Asplenium adiantum-nigrum, Asplenium sp.2 and trilete spores in Asplenium sp.1 and Ceterach officinarum. The exospore (perine) is homogeneous and apparently double-layered in all the studied spores. The perispore is single or double-layered with a microlacunouse structure. The perispore layers can be distinguished by their different contrast, structure and thickness. The exospore sculpture varies from cristates-ridged (Asplenium aethiopicum), cristates granulate (Asplenium adiantum-nigrum), cristates scabrate (Asplenium trichomanes), regulate-scabrates (Asplenium sp.1 and Ceterach officinarum) to papillate or tuberculate sculpture (Asplenium sp.2). Comparison between the earlier studies of some species from Saudi Arabia is given. General characteristics like spore type, ornamentation and laesurae features as well as the number of exospore layers could be useful for taxonomy of Aspleniaceae.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

G. M. A. Lashin, "Palynological Studies of Some Species of Aspleniaceae-Pteridophyta," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 397-402. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.33048.

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