﻿Certain <i>pl</i>(<i>m</i>,<i>n</i>)-Kummer Matrix Function of Two Complex Variables under Differential Operator

Applied Mathematics
Vol.4 No.1(2013), Article ID:27204,6 pages DOI:10.4236/am.2013.41016

Certain pl(m, n)-Kummer Matrix Function of Two Complex Variables under Differential Operator

Ayman Shehata1,2

1Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

2Department of Basic Applied Sciences, Unaizah Community College, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA

Email: drshehata2006@yahoo.com

Received October 3, 2012; revised November 3, 2012; accepted November 11, 2012

Keywords: Hypergeometric Matrix Function; pl(m, n)-Kummer Matrix Function; Matrix Differential Equation; Differential Operator

ABSTRACT

The main aim of this paper is to define and study of a new matrix functions, say, the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function of two complex variables. The radius of regularity, recurrence relation and several new results on this function are established when the positive integers p is greater than one. Finally, we obtain a higher order partial differential equation satisfied by the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function and some special properties.

1. Introduction

Many Special matrix functions appear in connection with statistics [1], mathematical physics, theoretical physics, group representation theory, Lie groups theory [2] and orthogonal matrix polynomials are closely related [3-5]. The hypergeometric matrix function has been introduced as a matrix power series and an integral representation and the hypergeometric matrix differential equation in [6-9] and the explicit closed form general solution of it has been given in [10]. The author has earlier studied the Kummer’s and Horn’s matrix function of two complex variables under differential operators [11-13]. In [14-16], extension to the matrix function framework of the classical families of p-Kummer’s matrix function, and q-Appell matrix function and Humbert matrix function have been proposed.

Throughout this paper for a matrix in, its spectrum denotes the set of all the eigenvalues of. If is a matrix in, its two-norm denoted by is defined by [17]

where for a vector in, is the Euclidean norm of.

If and are holomorphic functions of the complex variable, defined in an open set of the complex plane, and if and are a matrix in with and also and if, then from the properties of the matrix functional calculus [18], it follows that

(1.1)

The reciprocal gamma function denoted by

is an entire function of the complex variable. Then for any matrix in, the image of acting on denoted by is a well defined matrix. Furthermore, if

(1.2)

where is the identity matrix in, then is invertible, its inverse coincides with and one gets [6]

(1.3)

Jódar and Cortés have proved in [6], that

(1.1)

2. On pl(m, n)-Kummer Matrix Function

We We define the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function of two complex variables in the form

(2.1)

where

,

[19] and, and

are non-negative integer numbers. Notice that is a non-negative integer number.

For simplicity, we can write the in the form, in the form and in the form.

We begin the study of this function by calculating its radius of regularity of such function for this purpose we recall relation (1.3.10) of [19] and keeping in mind that. Hence

where

Summarizing, the following result has been established.

Theorem 2.1. Let and be matrices in such that are invertible for all integer . Then, the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function is an entire function.

For, we have

i.e., the l(m, n)-Kummer matrix function is an entire function.

Some matrix recurrence relations are carried out on the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function. In this connection the following matrix contiguous functions relations follow, directly by increasing or decreasing one in original relation

(2.2)

Similarly

(2.3)

By the same way, we have

(2.4)

Now, we consider the following differential operators

where, and.

It is clear that

(2.5)

So that

(2.6)

Putting in this relation and instead of and respectively, then

and so that we can be written the relation and instead of and yields

Therefore, the power series, as follows

i.e., the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function is a solution of the matrix differential equation

(2.7)

In this paper, we affect by differential operator D the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function, successively, then we have

i.e. the (m, n)-Kummer matrix function is a solution to this matrix differential equation

(2.8)

Then

Therefore, the following result has been established.

Theorem 2.2. Let and be matrices in. Then the pl(m, n)-Kummer matrix function is solution of this matrix differential equation

(2.9)

The differential operator has been defined by Sayyed [19] in the form

From (2.1), (2.3) and (2.5), we obtain

(2.10)

hence

(2.11)

and

(2.12)

Thus by mathematical induction, we have the following general form

(2.13)

where is a finite positive integer.

Special cases: we can be written the matrix function in the form

(2.14)

we see that

i.e., the is a solution to this matrix differential equation

(2.15)

Also

i.e., the is a solution for the matrix partial differential equations

The results of this paper are variant, significant and so it is interesting and capable to develop its study in the future. One can use the same class of differential operators for some other function of several complex variables. Hence, new results and further applications can be obtained.

3. Acknowledgements

The Author expresses his sincere appreciation to Dr. M. S. Metwally, (Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science (Suez), Suez Canal University, Egypt) for his kind interest, encouragements, help, suggestions, comments and the investigations for this series of papers.

The author would like to thank the referees for his comments and suggestions on the manuscript.

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