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Recent Progress in Preparation of Superhydrophobic Surfaces: A Review

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DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2012.22014    21,896 Downloads   49,024 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In nature, water-repellency (superhydrophobicity) is found, besides in plants, in insects and bird feathers. The booming field of biomimetics allows one to mimic nature to develop nanomaterials, nanodevices, and processes which offer desirable properties. Biomimetics means mimicking biology or nature. Inspired from nature, which reveals excellent superhydrophobicity, researchers have recently developed and implemented biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces in a variety of smart and simple ways. Superhydrophobicity is an effect where surface roughness and chemical composition combine to generate unusual water repellent surface, causing water to bounce and roll off the surface. This review article provides the overview of the recent progress (within the last four years) in the synthesis, characterization, theoretical modelling, and applications of superhydrophobic surfaces, with focus on the different techniques used and how they have developed over the years. At last, the difficulties related to implementation of superhydrophobic surfaces in day to day life are discussed. This review can find interesting for students, scientists and industrial companies working especially on superhydrophobic surfaces.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

S. Subhash Latthe, A. Basavraj Gurav, C. Shridhar Maruti and R. Shrikant Vhatkar, "Recent Progress in Preparation of Superhydrophobic Surfaces: A Review," Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 76-94. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2012.22014.

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