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J. Leor and R. A. Kloner, “The Northridge Earthquake as a Trigger for Acute Myocardial Infarction,” American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 77, No. 14, 1996, pp. 1230- 1232. doi:10.1016/S0002-9149(96)00169-5

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Case Series and Review of Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy: Does Stress Really Cause the Stress Cardiomyopathy?

    AUTHORS: Erin N. Quattromani, Amer Z. Aldeen, William J. Mosley II, D. Mark Courtney

    KEYWORDS: Takotsubo, Cardiomyopathy, Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary Syndrome, Stress

    JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.2 No.1, February 24, 2011

    ABSTRACT: Objective: We sought to describe clinical characteristics of emergency department patients ultimately diagnosed with Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy (TCM) and to explore the causal role that stress may play in its pathogenesis. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review analyzing all myocardial infarction patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease on cardiac catheterization to assess for the presence of TCM. Various clinical data, including the pres-ence of stressors, from emergency department records were reported. We also analyzed factors from several studies (including ours) to assess the true causality of stress in the development of TCM. Results: Twelve ED patients out of 2,179 charts reviewed were identified as having TCM. Most were female, post-menopausal, and had chest pain, but only half had a specific stressful event identified in the ED. One-third of patients had no stressful event identified during their hospital stay. Several other studies suggest that stressful events are associated with increased diagnoses of TCM, but we found that causality of stress cannot be substantiated. Conclusion: Stressful events are often not identified in emergency department patients ultimately diagnosed with TCM. The causative nature of stress in the development of TCM cannot be firmly established from any existing data.