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Article citations


Nacino, J.M.R. (2014) Energy Security and Sustainable Transport: The Future of Jeepneys in the Philippines. The University of Tokyo, Tokyo.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Sustainability of E-Trike as Alternative Mode of Public Transportation System: The Case of Cabanatuan City, Philippines

    AUTHORS: Felipe E. Balaria, Marilou P. Pascual, Mercedes D. Santos, Arjay F. Ortiz, Arneil G. Gabriel, Teodora Luz Soto Mangahas

    KEYWORDS: Motorized Tricycle, Electric Tricycle, Environmental Hazard, Adoption of Available & Better Technologies, Sustainability, Commercial Viability

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol.7 No.3, August 14, 2017

    ABSTRACT: The City of Cabanatuan is dubbed as the “Tricycle Capital of the Philippines”. Tricycle is a three wheeled vehicle used to transport people. Cabanatuan has about 30,000 registered gas-fed four-stroke motorized tricycles. Tricycle operation in this City has become the source of livelihood for around 10,000 families. Its number has tremendously increased despite growing competition and declining net daily income and the adverse effects it brings to the environment. The study analyzed the different aspects in the adoption of E-trikes (electric tricycles) as a mode of public transport system replacing motorized tricycles in the city. The conceptual framework of sustainable development was used to analyze the data. Basic accounting method in determining return on investment and payback period were used to compare the cost and return from among the current mode of transportation as against the adoption of E-trike. Data gathering employed the interviews, survey questionnaires and focus group discussion. The three areas of sustainability measured in the study were economic, socio-political and environmental. The study showed that from among 412 tricycle driver-operators randomly selected, majority were amenable to the shift from engine propelled tricycle to E-trike. However, cost of E-trike deters adoption and full implementation by the City Government. Political issue is alsotheutmost consideration since work displacement is imminent among the stakeholders once adoption of this mode takes place. On the other side, E-trike was found to be sustainable in the long run both on the point of view of operators and the riding public. The paper recommended that policy regulation be laid down, adopted, and implemented by the local government unit in response to the Philippines Cleaner Air Act.