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Chen, J.Z., Darhuber, A.A., Troian, S.M. and Wagner, S. (2004) Capacitive Sensing of Droplets for Microfluidic Devices Based on Thermocapillary Actuation. Lab on a Chip, 4, 473-480.
https://doi.org/10.1039/b315815b

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Study of Condensation Processes in the Low-Temperature Short Heat Pipes with a Nozzle-Shaped Vapour Channel

    AUTHORS: Arkady V. Seryakov

    KEYWORDS: Heat Pipe, Compact Open Capacitance Sensor, Thickness of Condensate Film, Rotational Flow

    JOURNAL NAME: Engineering, Vol.9 No.2, February 28, 2017

    ABSTRACT: The results of researches of condensation processes in the vapour channel similar to the Laval nozzle of short linear heat pipes are presented. Capacitive sensors are additionally installed in cooled top covers of the heat pipes, and electromagnetic pulses were supplied to them from the external generator. At heating the heat pipe evaporator, starting from a certain thermal power threshold value, electromagnetic pulses became modulated. It is related with the formations of the boiling process in the capillary-porous evaporator and large amount of vapour over it. Boiling process results in rapid increase of the pressure under which the average temperature of the evaporator occurs to be less than the boiling temperature of the working fluid under increased pressure. Considering condensation of excess vapour, this leads to repeated initiation and extinction of the boiling process in the evaporator, which reflects in pressure pulsations in the vapour channel. Pressure pulsations cause modulating effect on electromagnetic impulses. Pulsations frequencies are measured as well as their dependence from overheating of the evaporator. Using the capacitive sensors and a special electronic equipment we measured the local thickness of the working fluid at the condensing surface inside the heat pipes. Time-averaged values of the condensate film thickness are measured, depending on the heat load on the capillary-porous evaporator. The measurement error does not exceed 2 × 10–3 mm. It is demonstrated that the condensate film thickness lessens sharply with the increase of the heat load on the evaporator of a Laval-like low-temperature heat pipe, while the heat resistance of the film on the condensing surface reaches 60% of the total heat resistance of heat pipe with the capillary-porous evaporator.