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Boyraz, G., & Waits, J. B. (2015). Reciprocal Associations among Self-Focused Attention, Self-Acceptance, and Empathy: A Two-Wave Panel Study. Personality and Individual Differences, 74, 84-89.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Relationships between Trait Empathy and Psychological Well-Being in Japanese University Students

    AUTHORS: Damee Choi, Natsumi Minote, Takahiro Sekiya, Shigeki Watanuki

    KEYWORDS: Empathy, Psychological Well-Being, Interpersonal Reactivity Index, Perspective Taking, Personal Distress

    JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Vol.7 No.9, August 19, 2016

    ABSTRACT: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) is a commonly used instrument for measuring individual differences in trait empathy. It is composed of the following four subscales: Perspective taking; fantasy; empathic concern; and personal distress. Previous studies have reported finding a positive relationship between psychological well-being and perspective taking, but little remains known about the association between psychological well-being and the other IRI subscales. Thereforein this study, we investigated the degree to which each IRI subscale could predict psychological well-being, which was measured using Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales, in 119 Japanese undergraduate and graduate students (43 females, 76 males; mean age: 22 years; age range: 19 - 25 years). Regression analysis revealed that perspective taking positively predicted personal growth, purpose in life, and environmental mastery, while personal distress negatively predicted autonomy, environmental mastery, and self-acceptance. Neither fantasy nor empathic concern predicted psychological well-being. These results support those found in previous studies, and suggest that perspective taking, a cognitive component of empathy, plays an important role in the improvement of psychological well-being.