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Leung, L.R., Mearns, L.O., Giorgi, F. and Wilby, R.L. (2003) Regional Climate Research. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 84, 89-95.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-84-1-89

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Assessment of Climate Change in Nicaragua: Analysis of Precipitation and Temperature by Dynamical Downscaling over a 30-Year Horizon

    AUTHORS: Josep Maria Solé, Raúl Arasa, Miquel Picanyol, Mª Ángeles González, Anna Domingo-Dalmau, Marta Masdeu, Ignasi Porras, Bernat Codina

    KEYWORDS: WRF, Climate Change, Global Warming, Dynamical Downscaling, Precipitation Projections, IDF

    JOURNAL NAME: Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, Vol.6 No.3, July 14, 2016

    ABSTRACT: The present study has generated and analyzed Climate Change projections in Nicaragua for the period 2010-2040. The obtained results are to be used for evaluating and planning more resilient transport infrastructures in the next decades. This study has focused its efforts to pay attention into the effect of Climate Change on precipitation and temperature from a mean and extreme event perspective. Dynamical Downscaling approach on a 4 km resolution grid has been chosen as the most appropriate methodology for the estimation of the projected climate, being able to account for local-scale factors like complex topography or local land uses properly. We selected MPI-ESM-MR as the global climate model with the best skill scores in terms of precipitation and temperature in Nicaragua. MPI-ESM-MR was coupled to a mesoscale model. We chose WRF mesoescale model as the most appropriate regional model and we optimized their physical and dynamical options in order to minimize the model uncertainty in Nicaragua. For this, model output against the available in-situ measurements from the national meteorological station network and satellite data were compared. Climate change signal was estimated by comparing the different climate statistics calculated from a model run over an historical period, 1980-2009, with a model run over a projected period, 2010-2040. The obtained results from the projected climate show an increase of the mean temperature between 0.6°C and 0.8°C and an increase of the number of days per year with maximum daily temperatures higher than 35°C. Regarding precipitation, annual projected amounts do not change remarkably with respect to the historical period. However, significant changes in the distribution of the precipitation within the wet period (May-October) were observed. Moreover, an increment between 5% and 10% of the number of days without precipitation is expected. Finally, Intensity-Duration-Frequency (IDF) projected curves show an increment of the rainfall intensity and an increment of extreme precipitation event frequency, especially in the Caribbean basin.