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Compagno, L.J.V. (1982) The Shark Fauna of the Red Sea. In: Abdel Latif, A.F., Bayoumi, A.R. and Thompson, M.F., Eds., Marine Science in the Red Sea, Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference on the Red Sea, Bulletin of the Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (Egypt), Vol. 9, 381-406.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Shark Cognition and a Human Mediated Driver of a Spate of Shark Attacks

    AUTHORS: Marie Levine, Ralph S. Collier, Erich Ritter, Moustafa Fouda, Vincent Canabal

    KEYWORDS: Forensic Science, Red Sea, Sharks, Shark Attack, Shark Cognition

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol.4 No.5, September 29, 2014

    ABSTRACT: Five unprovoked shark attacks are reported from Sharm-El-Sheikh, Egypt, between 30 November and 5 December 2010. Three of the five attacks are attributed to an oceanic whitetip shark, Carcharinus longimanus with a distinctive crescent-shaped notch in the upper lobe of the caudal fin. The shark was observed during the first attack on a snorkeler and photographed underwater during the second shark attack on a swimmer. In a video taken several months prior to the attacks, the same shark is hand-fed underwater by a divemaster with additional fish in a pack over his buttock. The shark can be seen swimming behind the divemaster while he removed additional fish from this pack. In Victims 1, 2 and 5, the shark removed an extensive amount of tissue from the victims’ buttock. The three victims also lost a hand and/or a portion of their forearm, suggesting the injuries were inflicted by a shark conditioned to associating food with hand-feedings and the human form. The remaining two attacks, Cases 3 and 4, were attributable to the shortfin mako shark, Isurus oxyrinchus. This was determined from a unique dental pattern of the right side of the upper jaw due to a prior injury. This same “misalignment” dental pattern was observed in the injuries sustained by Victims 3 and 4. We conclude that the shortfin mako shark was responsible for the attacks on Victims 3 and 4, and the oceanic whitetip shark was the causal species of attacks on Victims 1, 2, and 5.