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Kain, J.S. and Fritsch, J.M.A. (1990) One Dimensional Entraining/Detraining Plume Model and Its Application in Convective Parameterization. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 47, 2784-2802. http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(1990)047<2784:AODEPM>2.0.CO;2

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Impact of Convective Parameterization Schemes on the Quality of Rainfall Forecast over Tanzania Using WRF-Model

    AUTHORS: Alfred L. Kondowe

    KEYWORDS: Tanzania, WRF-ARW, Convective Parameterization Scheme (CP’s)

    JOURNAL NAME: Natural Science, Vol.6 No.10, June 18, 2014

    ABSTRACT: To describe the evolution of atmospheric processes and rainfall forecast in Tanzania, the Advanced Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF-ARW) model was used. The principal objectives of this study were 1) the understanding of mesoscale WRF model and adapting the model for Tanzania; 2) to conduct numerical experiments using WRF model with different convective parameterization schemes (CP’s) and investigate the impact of each scheme on the quality of rainfall forecast; and 3) the investigation of the capability of WRF model to successfully simulate rainfall amount during strong downpour. The impact on the quality of rainfall forecast of six CP’s was investigated. Two rainy seasons, short season “Vuli” from October to December (OND) and long season “Masika” from March to May (MAM) were targeted. The results of numerical experiments showed that for rainfall prediction in Dar es Salaam and (the entire coast of the Indian Ocean), GD scheme performed better during OND and BMJ scheme during MAM. Results also showed that NC scheme should not be used, which is in agreement to the fact that in tropics rainfall is from convective activities. WRF model to some extent performs better in the cases of extreme rainfall.