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Effects of Synthetic and Processing Methods on Dispersion Characteristics of Nanoclay in Polypropylene Polymer Matrix Composites

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.27108    5,839 Downloads   9,438 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This work presents the effect of synthetic procedures (extrusion and casting) on the dispersion characteristics of nano layered silicate clay particles in the polypropylene (PP) polymer matrix. Three different molecular weights PP samples are taken and filled with nanoclay of 1 wt% and 3 wt%, and these nanocomposites were synthesized by using an extrusion or casting methods. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) is used to characterize the structure and morphology of nanocomposites. Rheological and mechanical results show that the extruded products are better than that of cast products. The outcome of this work is discussed in this paper.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

T. Mohan and K. Kanny, "Effects of Synthetic and Processing Methods on Dispersion Characteristics of Nanoclay in Polypropylene Polymer Matrix Composites," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 7, 2011, pp. 785-800. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.27108.

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