Share This Article:

Heterosis and Combing Ability in F1 Population of Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.)

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:577KB) PP. 1011-1026
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67107    4,355 Downloads   5,769 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The heterosis, heterobeltiosis, general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were examined during Rabi (crop season) of 2013-2014 in hexaploid wheat genotypes. The experiment for this study was conducted at the Botanical Garden, Department of Plant Breeding & Genetics, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan. The breeding material was comprised of four parents (Imdad, TD-1, SKD-1, and Moomal). These parents were crossed in half partial mating fashion; thus, six possible cross combinations (F1s) were obtained (Imdad × TD-1, Imdad × SKD-1, Imdad × Moomal, TD-1 × SKD-1, TD-1 × Moomal, and SKD-1 × Moomal). A three-replicated RCB Design was used. The mean squares corresponding to different traits of various hexaploid wheat genotypes indicated significant (P < 0.01) GCA (parents) and SCA (F1 hybrids) effects for the characters (plant height, tillers plant-1, spike length, spikelets spike-1, seeds spike-1, seed index, and grain yield plant-1). The mean performance of F1 hybrids differed significantly (P < 0.01) for all the traits studied. Among the parents, Imdad and TD-1 proved to be better general combiners for almost all the studied traits. In regards to SCA effects, the F1 hybrids Imdad × TD-1 and Imdad × SKD-1 expressed higher SCA and heterotic effects for most of the studied traits.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kalhoro, F. , Rajpar, A. , Kalhoro, S. , Mahar, A. , Ali, A. , Otho, S. , Soomro, R. , Ali, F. and Baloch, Z. (2015) Heterosis and Combing Ability in F1 Population of Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1011-1026. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67107.

References

[1] Shewry, P.R. (2009) Wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, 60, 1537-1553.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erp058
[2] Belderok, B. (2000) Bread-Making Quality of Wheat: A Century of Breeding in Europe. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-0950-7
[3] Moon, D. (2008) In the Russian Steppes: The Introduction of Russian Wheat on the Great Plains of the United States of America. Journal of Global History, 3, 203-225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1740022808002611
[4] Tsenov, N., Atanasova, D., Todorov, I. and Dochev, V. (2008) Environmental Effect on Common Winter Wheat Productivity. Proceedings of 18th EUCARPIA General Congress, Valencia, 9-12 September 2008, 480-484.
[5] Khan, A.K., Salim, I. and Ali, Z. (2003) Heritability of Various Morphological Traits in Wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5, 138-140.
[6] Ihsanullah, Jan, A., Taj, F.H., Khan, I.A. and Khan, N. (2002) Effect of Sowing Dates on Yield and Yield Components of Mash Bean. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences, 1, 622-624.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2002.622.624
[7] GOP (2013) Agriculture: Economic Survey of Pakistan 2013-2014. Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.
[8] Parashar, R.R. and Janoria, M.P. (1998) Combining Ability over Environments in Wheat. Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (JNKVV) Res., 28-29, 34-39.
[9] Lonc, W. and Zalewski, D. (1996) Combining Ability of Seven Lines of Winter Wheat. Biuletyn Inst. Hodowli- i-Akli- matyzacji Roslin, 200, 259-265.
[10] Ali, Z. and Khan, A.S. (1998) Combining Ability Studies of Some Morphophysiological Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 35, 1-4.
[11] Kakar, A.A., Larik, A.S., Kumbhar, M.B., Anwar, M.S. and Naz, M.A. (1999) Estimation of Heterosis, Potence Ratio and Combining Ability in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 36, 169-174.
[12] Sheikh, S. and Singh, I. (2000) Combining Ability Analysis in Wheat Plant Characters and Harvest Index. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 18, 29-37.
[13] Zalewski, D. (2001) Estimation of Combining Ability of Seven Winter Wheat Lines. Biuletyn Inst. Hodowli-i-Aklimatyzacji Roslin, 218-219, 75-81.
[14] Mahmood, N. and Chowdhry, M.A. (2002) Ability of Bread Wheat Genotypes to Combine for High Yield under Varying Sowing Conditions. Journal of Genetics and Breeding, 56, 119-125.
[15] Hassan, G., Muhammad, F., Khalil, F.H. and Raziuddin. (2006) Heterosis and Heterobeltiosis Studies for Morphological Traits in Bread Wheat. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 22, 51-54.
[16] Madic, M., Paunovic, A., Durovic, D., Kraljvic-Balalic, M. and Knezevic, D. (2005) The Analysis of Gene Effect in the Inheritance of Kernel Number Per Spike in Barley Hybrid. Genetika, 37, 261-269.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/GENSR0503261M
[17] Singh, R., Agarwal, M. and Shrotria, P.K. (2005) Combining Ability Analysis for Forage Yield and Quality Characters in Sorghum. Forage Research, 31, 8-11.
[18] Wang, Z.Y., Second, G. and Tanksley, S.D. (1992) Polymorphism and Phylogenetic Relationships among Species in the Genus Oryza as Determined by Analysis on Nuclear RFLPs. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 83, 565-581.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00226900
[19] El-Maghraby, M.A., El-Shehawi, A.M. and Harby, M.H. (2010) Genetic Diversity in Bread Wheat as Revealed by RAPD Markers and Its Relationship to Leaf Rust and Hybrid Performance. Alexandria Journal of Agricultural Research, 55, 31-38.
[20] Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie, J.H. (1984) Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2nd McGraw Hill Book Co., Singapore.
[21] Griffing, B. (1956) Concept of General and Specific Combining Ability in Relation to Diallel Crossing Systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 9, 463-493.
[22] Fehr, W.R. (1987 and 1993) Principles of Cultivar Development. Vol. 1. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. 536 p.
[23] Fonseca, S.N. (1965) Heterosis Heterobeltiosis Diallel Analysis and Gene Action in Crosses of Triticum aestivum L. Ph.D. Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette.
[24] Wynne, J.C., Emery, D.A. and Rice, P.W. (1970) Combining Ability Estimation in Arachis hypogaea L. II. Field Performance of F1 Hybrids. Crop Science, 10, 713-715.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1970.0011183X001000060036x
[25] Rui, W., Kun, N., Yi, W. and Lianmeng, D. (1996) The Combining Ability and Genetical Models of Spike Characteristics in Hexaploid Wheat. Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Occidentalis Sinica, 5, 1-5.
[26] Larik, A.S., Mahar, A.R., Kakar, A.A. and Shafkh, M.A. (1999) Heterosis, Inbreeding Depression and Combining Ability in Triticum Aestivum L. Journal of Plant Genetics, 25, 455-450.
[27] Joshi, S.K., Sharma, S.N., Singhania, D.L. and Sain, R.S. (2003) Hybrid Vigour over Environments in a Ten Parent Diallel Crosses in Common Wheat. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics, 35, 81-91.
[28] Joshi, S.K., Sharma, S.N., Singhania, D.L. and Sain, R.S. (2004) Combining Ability in the F1 and F2 Generations of Diallel Cross in Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell). Hereditas, 141, 115-121.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.2004.01730.x
[29] Singh, H., Sharma, S.N. and Sain, R.S. (2004) Heterosis Studies for Yield and Its Components in Bread Wheat over Environments. Hereditas, 141, 106-114.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.2004.01728.x
[30] Singh, V., Krishna, R., Singh, S. and Vikram, P. (2008) Combining Ability and Heterosis Analysis for Yield Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 82, 56-63.
[31] Singh, H., Sharma, S.N. and Sain, R.S. (2011) Combining Ability for Some Quantitative Characters in Hexaploid Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell). Procedings of 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane, 26 September-1 October 2004.
[32] Bao, Y.G., Sen, W., Wang, X., Wang, Y., Li, X., Wang, L. and Wang, H. (2010) Heterosis and Combining Ability for Major Yield Traits of a New Wheat Germplasm Shannong 0095 Derived from Thinopyrum intermedium. Agricultural Sciences in China, 8, 753-760.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1671-2927(08)60275-8
[33] Gowda, M., Kling, C., Würschum, T., Liu, W., Maurer, H.P., Hahn, V. and Reif, J.C. (2010) Hybrid Breeding in Durum Wheat: Heterosis and Combining Ability. Crop Science, 50, 2224-2230.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2009.10.0637
[34] Anwar, J., Akbar, M., Hussain, M., Asghar, S., Ahmad, J. and Owais, M. (2011) Combining Ability Estimates for Grain Yield in Wheat. Journal of Agricultural Research, 49, 437-445.
[35] Barker, T.C. and Varughese, G. (2011) Combining Ability and Heterosis among Eight Complete Spring Hexaploid Triticate Lines. Crop Science, 32, 340-344.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200020012x
[36] Rizkalla, A.A., Hussien, B.A., Al-Ansary, A.M.F., Nasseef, J.E. and Hussein, M.H.A. (2012) Combining Ability and Heterosis Relative to RAPD Marker in Cultivated and Newly Hexaploid Wheat Varieties. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 6, 215-224.
[37] Beche, E., Silva, C.L., Pagliosa, E.S., Capelin, M.A., Franke, J., Matei, G. and Benin, G. (2013) Hybrid Performance and Heterosis in Early Segregant Populations of Brazilian Spring Wheat. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7, 51-57.
[38] Zhongfu, N., Yao, Y., Peng, H., Hu, Z. and Qixin, S. (2014) Genomics and Heterosis in Hexaploid Wheat. Journal of Crop Science, 23, 215-220.
[39] Abd-Allah, M.H., Soheir, M.H. and Amin, I.A. (2013) Genotypic Differences for Heat Tolerance Traits in Bread. Wheat Using Five Parameters Genetic Model. Alex. J. Agric. Res., 58, 83-96.
[40] Eduardo, S.P., Silva, C.L. and Capelin, M.A. (2013) Hybrid Performance and Heterosis in Early Segregant Populations of Brazilian Spring Wheat. Journal of Crop Science, 45, 142-146.
[41] Al-Hamdany, Gh.A. (2010) Genetic Analysis of F2 Diallel Crosses in Durum Wheat. Mesopotamia J. of Agric, 38.
[42] Cifci1, E.A. and Yagdi, K. (2010) The Research of the Combining Ability of Agronomic Traits of Bread Wheat in F1 and F2 Generations. Journal of Agricultural Faculty of Uludag University, 24, 85-92.
[43] Awan, J.I., Malik, M.F.A. and Siddique, M. (2005) Combining Ability Analysis in Intervarietal Crosses for Component Traits in Hexaploid Wheat. Journal of Agriculture & Social Sciences, 1, 316-317.
[44] Coopera, J.K., Amir, M., Ibrahim, H., Rudda, J., Haysa, D., Mallaa, S. and Bakera, J. (2012) Increasing Hard Winter Wheat Yield Potential via Synthetic Hexaploid Wheat: II. Heritability and Combining Ability of Yield and Its Components. Crop Science, 53, 67-73.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2011.07.0383
[45] Hammad, S.M., El-Seidy, E.H. and Darwesh, M.A.H. (2012) Inheritances of Leaf Rust Resistance in Six Wheat Crosses. Journal of Agronomy, 9, 222-242.
[46] Koumber, R.M. and El-Gammaal, A.A. (2012) Inheritance and Gene Action for Yield and Its Attributes in Three Bread Wheat Crosses (Triticum aestivum L.). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8, 156-162.
[47] Fellahi, Z.E.A., Hannachi, A., Bouzerzour, H. and Boutekrabt, A. (2013) Line × Tester Mating Design Analysis for Grain Yield and Yield Related Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agronomy, 2013, Article ID: 201851.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/201851
[48] Morojele, E. and Labuschagne, M. (2013) Combining Ability of Quality Characteristics of Wheat Cultivars Grown in Lesotho. Journal of Crop Science, 21, 127-132.
[49] Zaazaa, E.I., Hager, M.A. and El-Hashash, E.F. (2012) Genetical Analysis of Some Quantitative Traits in Wheat Using Six Parameters Genetic Model. Journal of Agricultural Science, 12, 456-462.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.