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Apple as a Source of Dietary Phytonutrients: Bioavailability and Evidence of Protective Effects against Human Cardiovascular Disease

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DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.513134    3,923 Downloads   5,702 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The dietary consumption of fruit and vegetable is associated with a lower incidence of degenerative diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Most recent interest has focused on the bioactive phenolic compounds in vegetable products. All varieties of apple contain several antioxidants and polyphenols that possess many biological activities, such as antioxidant and anti-inflammation properties. The review describes the nutritional properties of apples and their derivatives, with a particular attention to polyphenol compounds. Moreover, the health benefits of apples and the potential molecular mechanisms against cardiovascular disease are reviewed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ferretti, G. , Turco, I. and Bacchetti, T. (2014) Apple as a Source of Dietary Phytonutrients: Bioavailability and Evidence of Protective Effects against Human Cardiovascular Disease. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1234-1246. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.513134.

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