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Participation of Morphofunctional Zones in Aging Processes

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DOI: 10.4236/aar.2014.32013    2,761 Downloads   3,714 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

There are morphofunctional zones in organism tissues, where proliferation and differentiation processes occur. Daughter cells are differentiated in the electric field excited by 12 mother and daughter cell pairs, which turned out at cambial cell division. With aging, the cambial cell number is reduced to 7, which is close to threshold level (6 cells), at which the differentiation of daughter cells is absent. The depression of cambial cell number with aging is connected with the work of another morphofunctional zonethe hypothalamus, which is the major center of vegetative regulation and initially has very high RhoA activity, which has been established in embryogenesis. Estrogens, influencing over the hypothalamus and activating Src kinase in its nuclei, reduce level of RhoA activity, including SCN, responsible for many biorhythms of an organism. As a result, the hyperestrogenemia and therefore a connective tissue at first occur. Then there happens a hypoestrogenemia that leads to sharp falling of proliferative activity of cells, causing the depression of cambial cell number and possibility of a malignant tumor development. Along with this, there are the deep lesions of hormone regulation, leading to some lethal diseases. Thus, the RhoA increasing in hypothalamus and especially in SCN circadian rhythm can counteract the Src kinase intensifying and prevent the processes connected with this.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Yavisheva, T. and Shcherbakov, S. (2014) Participation of Morphofunctional Zones in Aging Processes. Advances in Aging Research, 3, 72-78. doi: 10.4236/aar.2014.32013.

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