Share This Article:

Investigation of the Relationship between Resilience, Mindfulness, and Academic Self-Efficacy

DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.16001    15,167 Downloads   21,629 Views   Citations


Resilience, mindfulness, and academic self-efficacy are topics of interests to psychologists; however, little is known about the relationships among the three. The primary purpose of this research was to explore the role of mindfulness and academic self-efficacy in predicting resilience among university students. 141 participants (m = 39, f = 102) completed The Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory, The Beliefs in Educational Success Test, and The Connor Davidson Resilience Scale. The results found that in the regression models, mindfulness and academic self-efficacy were significant predictors of resilience. This finding suggests that mindfulness and academic self-efficacy have a significant impact on resilience.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Keye, M. and Pidgeon, A. (2013) Investigation of the Relationship between Resilience, Mindfulness, and Academic Self-Efficacy. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 1, 1-4. doi: 10.4236/jss.2013.16001.


[1] Ahern, N. R., Kiehl, E. M., Sole, M. L., & Byers, J. (2006). A review of instruments measuring resilience. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 29, 103-125.
[2] Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125-143.
[3] Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J. et al. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230-241.
[4] Bouffard-Bouchard, T., Parent, S., & Larivee, S. (1991). Influence of self-efficacy on self-regulation and performance among junior and senior high school aged students. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 14, 153-164.
[5] Brown, A., Marquis, A., & Guiffrida, D. (2013). Mindfulness-based interventions in counseling. Journal of Counselling and Development, 91, 96-104.
[6] Catalino, L. I., & Fredrickson, B. L. (2011). A Tuesday in the life of a flourisher: The role of positive emotional reactivity in optimal mental health. Emotion, 11, 938-950.
[7] Chavers, D. J. (2013). Relationships between spirituality, religiosity, mindfulness, personality, and resilience. Doctoral Dissertation, Alabama: University of South Alabama.
[8] Chemers, M. M., Hu, L., & Garcia, B. F. (2001). Academic self-efficacy and first year college student performance and adjustment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 55-64.
[9] Chiesa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness-based approaches: Are they all the same? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 404-424.
[10] Combes-Malcome, L. A. (2007). Beginning teachers, resilience and retention. Doctoral Dissertation, San Marcos: Texas State University.
[11] Connor, K. M., & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003). Development of a new resilience scale: The connor davidson resilience scale (cdrisc). Depression and Anxiety, 18, 76-82.
[12] Flach, F. F. (1989). Resilience: Discovering new strength at times of stress. New York: Ballantine Books.
[13] Greason, P. B., & Cashwell. C. S. (2009). Mindfulness and counselling self-efficacy: The mediating role of attention and empathy. Counsellor Education and Supervision, 49, 2-19.
[14] Hamill, S. K. (2003) Resilience and self-efficacy: The importance of efficacy beliefs and coping mechanisms in resilient adolescents. Colgate University Journal of the Sciences, 35, 115-146.
[15] Hudson, W. E. (2007). The relationship between academic self-efficacy and resilience to grades of students admitted under special criteria. Doctoral Dissertation, Tallahassee: The Florida State University.
[16] Jha, A. P., Stanley, E. A., Kiyonaga, A., Wong, L., & Gelfand, L. (2010). Examining the protective effects of mindfulness training on working memory capacity and affective experience. Emotion, 10, 54- 64.
[17] Keng, S., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041-1056.
[18] Lightsey, O. R. (2006). Resilience, meaning, and well-being. The Counselling Psychologist, 34, 96-107.
[19] Majer, J. M. (2006). Beliefs in Educational Success Test (BEST). Unpublished Instrument.
[20] Marchand, W. R. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and zen meditation for depression, anxiety, pain, and psychological distress. Journal of Psychiatric Practice, 18, 233-252.
[21] Pajares, F. (1996). Self-efficacy beliefs in academic settings. Review of Educational Research, 66, 543-578.
[22] Reivich, K. & Shatte, A. (2002). The resilience factor. New York: Broadway Books.
[23] Richardson, G. E., Neiger, B.L., Jensen, S., & Kumpfer, K. L. (1990). The resilience model. Health Education, 21, 33-39.
[24] Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (2003). Flourishing under fire: Resilience as a prototype of challenged thriving. In C. L. M. Keyes, & J. Haidt (Eds.), Positive psychology and the life well-lived (pp. 15-36). Washington DC: APA.
[25] Speight, N. P. (2009). The relationship between self-efficacy, resilience and academic achievement among African American urban adolescents. Doctoral Dissertation, Washington DC: Howard University.
[26] Thompson, R. W., Arnkoff, D. B., & Glass, C. R. (2011). Conceptualizing mindfulness and acceptance as components of psychological resilience to trauma. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 12, 220-235.
[27] Van Breda, A. D. (2001). Resilience theory: A literature review (Research Report MPI/R/104/12/1/4). South African Military Psychological Institute.
[28] Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmüller, V., Kleinknecht, N., & Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness—The Freiburg mindfulness inventory (FMI). Personality and Individual Differences, 40, 1543-1555.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.