Share This Article:

Physiographic-Tectonic Zoning of Iran’s Sedimentary Basins

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1940KB) PP. 169-177
DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.33020    4,553 Downloads   7,965 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

Base on geological history evaluation using regional stratigraphy, sedimentary environments, magmatic activities, metamorphism and structural trend in Iran, physiographic-tectonic zoning map of Iran’s sedimentary basins has prepared. This map has prepared to point out the basement tectonics role in Iran. It contains twenty-four different provinces. Iran has composed from different plates: Arabian plate in south and west, Cimmerian manipulated in north and east, Eurasian plate in northeast margin. Cimmerian manipulated at least can be divided to the smaller part, East-Central Iran and North-Central Iran microcontinents. There are evidences for thick-skinned tectonics in the border zones of these plates and microcontinents, especially in Sanandaj-Sirjan overthrust belts that it formed by crustal stacking wedges. Also, Neoproterozoic-Phanerozoic Tectonic column in the Arabian, Cimmerian and Eurasian plates under Iran Country area have introduced.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Arian, "Physiographic-Tectonic Zoning of Iran’s Sedimentary Basins," Open Journal of Geology, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2013, pp. 169-177. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2013.33020.

References

[1] M. Qorashi and M. Arian, “Tectonics of Iran,” Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 2011, 336p. (In Persian)
[2] M. H. Nabavi, “An Introduction to Geology of Iran,” Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1976, 109p. (In Persian)
[3] J. Eftekharnezhad, “Division of Different Part of Iran Base on Structural Position in Related to Sedimentary Basins,” Journal of Iranian Petroleum Association, Vol. 82, No. 1, 1980, pp. 19-28. (In Persian)
[4] S. A. Aghanabati, “Geology of Iran,” Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 2001, 586p. (In Persian)
[5] J. Stocklin, “Structural History and Tectonics of Iran: A Review,” AAPG Bulletin, Vol. 52, No. 7, 1968, pp. 1229-1258.
[6] M. Berberian, “Structural Evolution of the Iranian Plateau,” Contribution to the Seismotectonics of Iran (Part IV), Report No. 52, Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1981, pp. 19-66.
[7] M. A. A. Nogole Sadat, “Tectonic Map of Iran,” Treatise on the Geology of Iran, Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1993
[8] M. Alavi, “Tectonics of the Zagros Orogenic Belt of Iran: New Date and Interpretations,” Tectonophysics, Vol. 229, No. 3-4, 1994, pp. 211-238.
[9] M. Alavi, “Tectonic map of the Middle East, 1:5000000,” Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1991.
[10] M. Arian, “Basement Tectonics and Geology of Iran,” Asar Nafis Press, Qum, 2011, 300p. (In Persian)
[11] P. Vernant, F. Nilforoushan, D. Hatzfeld, M. R. Abbasi, C. Vigny, F. Masson, H. Nankali, J. Martinod, A. Ashtiani, R. Bayer, F. Tavakoli and J. Chery, “Present-Day crustal Deformation and Plate Kinematics in the Middle East Constrained by GPS Measurements in Iran and Northern Oman,” Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 157, No. 1, 2004, pp. 381-398.
[12] M. Alavi, “Tectonostratigraphic Synthesis and Structural Style of the Alborz Mountain System in Northern Iran,” Journal of Geodynamics, Vol. 21, No. 1, 1996, pp. 1-33.
[13] M. Arian, Z. Maleki and H. Noroozpour, “Cenozoic Diastrophism and Deformational Events in the East-Central Alborz,” Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, Vol. 1, No. 11, 2011, pp. 2394-2400.
[14] A. D. Miall, “Collision-Related Foreland Basins,” In: C. J. Busby and R. V. Ingersoll, Eds., Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins, Blackwell Science, Oxford, 1995, pp. 393-424.
[15] M. Arian, M. Pourkermani, A. Sistanipour and H. Noroozpour, “Kinematic Significance of Fold- and Fault-Related Fracture Systems in the Rafsanjan’s Northeast Highlands (Central Iran),” Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, Vol. 1, No. 12, 2011, pp. 3398-3406.
[16] P. G. De Celles and K. A. Giles, “Foreland Basin System,” Basin Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996, pp. 105-123. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2117.1996.01491.x
[17] M. Alavi, “Regional Stratigraphy of the Zagros Fold and Thrust Belt of Iran and Its Proforeland Evolution,” American Journal of Science, Vol. 304, No. 1, 2004, pp. 1-20.
[18] P. Giese, J. Makris, B. Akashe, P. Roewer, H. Letz and M. M. Mostaanpour, “Seismic Crustal Studies in Southern Iran between the Central Zagros Belt,” Geologic Survey of Iran, Vol. 1, No. 51, 1983, pp. 71-89.
[19] A. H. G. Mitchell and H. G. Reading, “Sedimentation and Tectonics,” In: H. G. Reading, Ed., Sedimentary Environments and Facies, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1986, pp. 471-519.
[20] J. J. W. Rogers and M. Santosh, “Continents and Supercontinents,” Oxford University Press, Inc., Oxford, 2006, 289p.
[21] M. Berberian, “Southern Caspian: A Compressional Depression Floored by a Trapped, Modified Oceanic Crust,” Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 2, 1983, pp. 163-183. doi:10.1139/e83-015
[22] J. A. Jackson, K. Priestley, M. Allen and M. Berberian, “Active Tectonics of the South Caspian Basin,” Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 148, No. 2, 2002, pp. 214-245.
[23] M. L. Allen, J. Jackson and R. Walker, “Late Cenozoic Reorganization of the Arabia-Eurasia Collision and the Comparison of Short-Term and Long-Term Deformation Rates,” Tectonics, Vol. 23, No. 2, 2004, Article ID: TC 2008.
[24] A. M. C. Sengor, “A New Model for the Late Palaezoic-Mesozoic Tectonic Evolution of Iran and Implication for Oman,” In: A. H. F. Robertson, M. P. Searle and A. C. Ries, Eds., The Geology and Tectonics of the Oman Region, No. 46, Geological Society Special Publications, London, 1990, pp. 797-831.
[25] J. Stocklin, “Structural Correlation of the Alpine Ranges between Iran and Central Asia,” Société géologique de France, Paris, Mémoire Hors Série, Vol. 1, No. 8, 1977, pp. 333-353.
[26] G. A. Dehghani and J. Makris, “The Gravity Field and Crustal Structure of Iran,” Report No. 51, Geologic Survey of Iran, Tehran, 1983, pp. 51-68.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.