Share This Article:

Flexible Optical Waveguide Bent Loss Attenuation Effects Analysis and Modeling Application to an Intrinsic Optical Fiber Temperature Sensor

DOI: 10.4236/opj.2012.21001    6,383 Downloads   11,658 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The temperature dependence of the bending loss light energy in multimode optical fibers is reported and analyzed. The work described in this paper aims to extend an initial previous analysis concerning planar optical waveguides, light energy loss, to circular optical waveguides. The paper also presents à novel intrinsic fiber optic sensing device base on this study allowing to measure temperatures parameters. The simulation results are validated theoretically in the case of silica/silicone optical fiber. A comparison is done between results obtained with an optical fiber and the results obtained from the previous curved optical planar waveguide study. It is showed that the bending losses and the temperature measurement range depend on the curvature radius of an optical fiber or waveguide and the kind of the optical waveguide on which the sensing process is implemented.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Remouche, F. Georges and P. Meyrueis, "Flexible Optical Waveguide Bent Loss Attenuation Effects Analysis and Modeling Application to an Intrinsic Optical Fiber Temperature Sensor," Optics and Photonics Journal, Vol. 2 No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.4236/opj.2012.21001.

References

[1] M. Remouche, R. Mokdad and A. Chakari, “Intrinsic Integrated Optical Temperature Sensor Based on Wave- guide Bend Loss,” Optics & Laser Technology, Vol. 39, No. 7, 2007, pp. 1454-1460. doi:10.1016/j.optlastec.2006.09.015
[2] M. Remouche, R. Mokdad and M. Lahrashe, “Intrinsic Optical Fiber Temperature Sensor Operating by Modulation of the Local Numerical Aperture,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2007, p. 024401. doi:10.1117/1.2709854
[3] A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, “Optical Waveguide Theory,” Chapman & Hall, Upper Saddle River, 1983.
[4] A. Zendehnam, M. Mirzaei1 and A Farashiani, “Investigation of Bending Loss in a Single-Mode Optical Fibre,” Pramana Journal of Physics-Indian Academy of Sciences, Vol. 74, No. 4, 2010, pp. 591-603.
[5] R. Ulrich, S. C. Rashleigh and W. Eickhoff, “Bending- Induced Birefringence in Single-Mode Fibers,” Optics Letters, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1980, pp. 273-275. doi:10.1364/OL.5.000273
[6] E. A. J. Marcatilli, “Bends in Optical Dielectric Guides,” Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 48, No. 7, 1969, pp. 2103-2132.
[7] D. Gloge, “Bending Loss in Multimodes Fibers with Graded and Upgraded Core Index,” Applied Optics, Vol. 11, No. 11, 1972, pp. 2187-2506. doi:10.1364/AO.11.002506
[8] D. Marcuse, “Influence of Curvature on the Losses of Doubly Clad Fibers,” Applied Optics, Vol. 21, No. 23, 1982, pp. 4208-4213. doi:10.1364/AO.21.004208
[9] M. Semenkoff, “Bending Effect on Light Propagation in an Optical Fiber: Application to a Temperature Sensor,” Opt Lasers Eng, Vol. 17, No. 3-5, 1992, pp. 179-186. doi:10.1016/0143-8166(92)90035-6
[10] D. Marcuse, “Bending Losses of the Asymmetric Slab Waveguide,” Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 50, No. 8, 1969, pp. 2551-2563.
[11] A. W. Snyder and D J. Mitchell, “Generalized Fresnel’s Laws for Determining Radiation Loss from Optical Waveguides and Curved Dielectric Structures,” Optik, Vol. 40, No. 4, 1974, pp. 438-459.
[12] A. W. Snyder and D. J. Mitchell, “Bending Losses of Multimode Optical Fibers,” Electron Letter, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1974, pp. 11-13. doi:10.1049/el:19740008
[13] J. Dakin, “Optical Fiber Sensors,” Artech House, Norwood, 1988.
[14] T. S. Yu Francis, “Fiber Optical Sensors,” Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, 2002.
[15] F. Pang; W. Liang and W. Xiang, “Temperature-Insensi- tivity Bending Sensor Based on Cladding-Mode Reso- nance of Special Optical Fiber,” IEEE Photonics Tech- nology Letters, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2009, pp. 76-78. doi:10.1109/LPT.2008.2008657
[16] R. P. Hu and X. G. Huang, “A Simple Fiber-Optic Flowmeter Based on Bending Loss,” IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 9, No. 12, 2009, pp. 1952-1955. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2009.2031845
[17] R. M. Gavalis, P. Y. Wong and J. A. Eisenstein, “Local- ized Active-Cladding Optical Fiber Bend Sensor,” Opti- cal Engineering, Vol. 49, No. 6, 2010, p. 064401. doi:10.1117/1.3449110
[18] X. Chen, C. Zhang and D. J. Webb, “Bragg Grating in a Polymer Optical Fibre for Strain, Bend and Temperature Sensing,” Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 21, No. 9, 2010, p. 094005.
[19] J. H. Kuang, P. C. Chen and Y. C. Chen, “Plastic Optical Fiber Displacement Sensor Based on Dual Cycling Bend- ing,” Sensors, Vol. 10, 2010, pp. 10198-10210. doi:10.3390/s101110198
[20] J. Zhang, H. Liu and X. Wu, “Curvature Optical Fiber Sensor by Using Bend Enhanced Method,” Frontiers of Optoelectronics in China, Vol. 2, No. 2, 2009, pp. 204- 209. doi:10.1007/s12200-009-0032-x
[21] N. singgh, V. Mishra and S. C. Jain, “Enhanced Sensitiv- ity Refractive Index Sensor Based on Segmented Fiber with Bending,” Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, Vol. 47, No. 9, 2009, pp. 655-657.
[22] Z. Zhang, G. Z. Xiao and P. Zhao, “Planar Wave Guide- Based Silica-Polymer Hybrid Variable Optical Attenuator and Its Associated Polymers,” Applied Optics, Vol. 44, No. 20, 2005, pp. 2402-2408. doi:10.1364/AO.44.002402
[23] H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen and L. R. Dalton, “Polymer-Based Optical Waveguides: Material, Processing, and Devices,” Adv Mater, Vol. 14, No. 19, 2002, pp. 1339-1365.
[24] M. Zhou, “Low-Loss Polymeric Material for Waveguide Components in Fiber Optical Telecommunication,” Op- tical Engineering, Vol. 41, No. 7, 2002, pp. 1631-1643. doi:10.1117/1.1481895
[25] L. Eldada, “Advance in Polymer Integrated Optics,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2000, pp. 54-68.
[26] T. Watanabe, N. Ooba and S. Hayashida, “Polymeric Op- tical Waveguide Circuits Formed Using Silicone Resin,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 16, No. 6, 1998, pp. 1049-1055. doi:10.1109/50.681462

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.