Share This Article:

Efficacy of Quality of Life Therapy on Increasing Happiness in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:245KB) PP. 207-213
DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.52025    7,533 Downloads   7,981 Views  

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The present study sought to examine the effectiveness of quality of life therapy on increasing happiness among patients with major depression. Methods: The research followed an experimental research design with an experimental and a control group. To this end, among the statistical population of the study that consisted of all individuals with major depression disorder, 30 individuals were randomly selected and placed in two groups (experimental and control). The experimental group individually received an intervention with a trend based on quality of life improvement for 10 sessions. The control group received no such treatment. Beck’s Depression Inventory and Oxford Happiness Questionnaire were used in two occasions of pretest and posttest. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of covariance. Results: The results revealed that quality of life therapy reduced depression and increased happiness among the subjects on the posttest (p < 0.01). Conclusion: This research found two important results. First, it was revealed that quality of life therapy had high efficiency in treating depression considered as a resistant disorder to treatment. Second, it was indicated that focus on happiness in the treatment of major depression disorder can significantly help patients recover.

Cite this paper

Jenaabadi, H. , Nejad, B. and Fatehrad, G. (2015) Efficacy of Quality of Life Therapy on Increasing Happiness in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 207-213. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.52025.

References

[1] Dozois, D.J. and Dobson, K.S. (2002) Handbook of Assessment and Treatment Planning for Psychological Disorders. Guilford Press, New York.
[2] Sharp, L.K. and Lipsky, M.S. (2002) Screening for Depression a Cross the Life Span: A Review of Measures for Use in Primary Care Settings. American Family Physician, 66, 1001-1008.
[3] Lambert, K.G. (2006) Rising Rates of Depression in Today’s Society: Consideration of the Roles of Effort Based Rewards and Enhanced Resilience in Day-to-Day Functioning. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral, 30, 497-510. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2005.09.002
[4] World Health Organization (2007) What Is Depression?
http://www.who.int/mentalhealth/management/depression/definition/en/index.Html
[5] American Psychiatric Association (2014) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th Edition, American Psychiatric Association, Washington DC.
[6] Segal, Z.V., Williams, J.M.G. and Teasdale, J.D. (2002) Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A New Approach to Preventing Relapse. Guilford, New York.
[7] Kaltenthaler, E., Shackley, P., Stevens, K., Beverley, C., Parry, G. and Chilcott, J.A. (2002) A Systematic Review and Economic Evaluation of Computerized Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Depression and Anxiety. Technical Report, Core Research, Alton.
[8] Spitzer, M. (2009) Thought Suppression as a Cognitive Vulnerability Factor for Depression an FMRI Study. Hanna Lo, Heilbronn.
[9] Joseph, S. and Lindley, A.P. (2006) Positive Therapy (A Meta Theory for Psychological Practice). Rutledge Press, USA.
[10] Seligman, M.E.P. and Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2010) Positive Psychology: An Introduction. American Psychologist, 55, 5-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.5
[11] Lambert, M. and Naber, D. (2013) Current Issues in Schizophrenia: Overview of Patients Acceptability, Functioning Capacity and Quality of Life. CNS Drugs, 18, 5-17.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00023210-200418002-00002
[12] Frisch, M.B. (2006) Quality of Life Therapy. John Wiley & Sons Press, New Jersey.
[13] Ghasemi, N. (2011) The Effectiveness of Quality of Life Group Therapy on Mental Health. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 10, 23-33.
[14] Toghyani, M., Kalantari, M., Amiri, S. and Molavi, H. (2014) The Effectiveness of Quality of Life Therapy on Subjective Well-Being of Male Adolescents. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1752-1757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.338
[15] Padash, Z. (2011) The Effectiveness of Quality of Life Therapy on Happiness. Journal of Counseling and Family Psychotherapy, 1, 115-130.
[16] Abedi, M.R. and Vostanis, P. (2014) Evaluation of Quality of Life Therapy for Parents of Children with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Iran. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 19, 605-613. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-010-0098-4
[17] Beak, A.T., Steer, R.A. and Brown, G.K. (1996) An Inventory for Measuring Depression. JAMA Psychiatry, 4, 561-571. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1961.01710120031004
[18] Argyle, M. and Lu, L. (1990) The Happiness of Extraverts. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 1011-1017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0191-8869(90)90128-E
[19] Alipour, N. and Norbala, A. (1999) Validity and Reliability of Oxford Happiness Inventory. Journal of Thinking and Behavior, 18, 55-65.
[20] Hills, P. and Argyle, M. (2011) Happiness, Introversion-Extroversion and Happy Factors. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 595-608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00058-1
[21] Furnham, A. and Cheng, H. (1999) Personality as a Predictor of Mental Health and Happiness in the East and West. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 395-403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(98)00250-5
[22] Francis, L.J., Brown, I.B., Lester, D. and Philipchalk, R. (1998) Happiness as Stable Extraversion: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Reliability and Validity of Oxford Happiness Inventory among Students in the U.K., U.S.A., Australia and Canada. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 167-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(97)00170-0
[23] Byani, A. (2006) Validity and Reliability of Happiness-Depression Scale. Journal of Science and Research in Psychology, 29, 73-83.
[24] Sin, N. and Lyubomirsky, S. (2009) Enhancing Well-Being and Alleviating Depressive Symptom with Positive Psychology Interventions: A Practice-Friendly Meta-Analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 467-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20593
[25] Mitchell, J., Stanimirovic, R., Klein, B. and Vella-Brodrick, D. (2014) A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Self-Guided Internet Intervention Promoting Well-Being. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 749-760. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.02.003

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.