Soybean Seed Nutrition as Affected by Cotton, Wheat, and Fallow Rotation

Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:3239KB) PP. 1605-1619
DOI: 10.4236/fns.2014.516173    2,741 Downloads   3,088 Views   Citations


Limited information is available on the effects of crop rotation on seed nutrition. Therefore, the objective of the current research was to determine whether crop rotations are beneficial to soybean seed nutrition for the first two complete rotation cycles in an experiment conducted from 2007 through 2012. The first complete rotation cycle (experiment one) was conducted in 2009, then repeated in 2010, and the second complete rotation cycle (experiment two) was conducted in 2011, and then repeated in 2012. The rotation sequences were: wheat-late cotton-fallow-soybean (WCFS), fallow-cotton-wheat-soybean (FCWS), and fallow-cotton-fallow-soybean (FCFS). The results showed that WCFS and FCFS resulted in higher seed oil, palmitic and stearic acids, glucose, sucrose, fructose, Fe, P, and B. No consistent effects on seed protein, oleic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, raffinose, stachyose, and Mn contents were observed. These changes were accompanied by higher P, K, B, Fe in soil and N, K, and B in leaves, indicating that soil and leaf nutrients may result in continuous supply and mobility of nutrients from leaves to seed during seed fill. Our research demonstrated that crop rotation management can result in seed nutrient changes, affecting seed quality.

Cite this paper

Bellaloui, N. , Stetina, S. and Molin, W. (2014) Soybean Seed Nutrition as Affected by Cotton, Wheat, and Fallow Rotation. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1605-1619. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.516173.


[1] Wilson, R.F. (2004) Seed Composition. In: Boerma, H. and Specht, J.E., Eds., Soybeans: Improvement, Production, and Uses, 3rd Edition, ASA, CSSA, and SSSA, Madison, 621-668.
[2] Cherry, J.H., Bishop, L., Hasegawa, P.M. and Leffler, H.R. (1985) Differences in the Fatty Acid Composition of Soybean Seed Produced in Northern and Southern Areas of the U.S.A. Phytochemistry, 24, 237-241.
[3] Schnebly, S.R. and Fehr, W.R. (1993) Effect of Years and Planting Dates on Fatty Acid Composition of Soybean Genotypes. Crop Science, 33, 716-719.
[4] Wilson, L.A. (1995) Soy Foods. In: Erickson, D.R., Ed., Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization, AOCS Press, Champaign, IL and United Soybean Board, St. Louis, 428-459.
[5] Bellaloui, N., Hanks, J.E., Fisher, D.K. and Mengistu, A. (2009) Soybean Seed Composition Is Influenced by Within- Field Variability in Soil Nutrients. Crop Management, 8.
[6] Bellaloui, N., Abbas, H.K., Gillen, A.M. and Abel, C.A. (2009) Effect of Glyphosate-Boron Application on Seed Composition and Nitrogen Metabolism in Glyphosate-Resistant Soybean. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 57, 9050-9056.
[7] Bellaloui, N., Smith, J.R., Gillen, A.M. and Ray, J.D. (2011) Effects of Maturity, Genotypic Background, and Temperature on Seed Mineral Composition in Near-Isogenic Soybean Lines in the Early Soybean Production System. Crop Science, 51, 1161-1171.
[8] Bellaloui, N., Hu, Y., Mengistu, A., Kassem, M.A. and Abel, C.A. (2013) Effects of Foliar Boron Application on Seed Composition, Cell Wall Boron, and Seed δ15N and δ13C Isotopes in Water-stressed Soybean Plants. Frontiers in Plant Physiology, 4, 270.
[9] Bellaloui, N., Mengistu, A., Walker, R.R. and Young, L.D. (2014) Soybean Seed Composition as Affected by Seeding Rates and Row Spacing in the Midsouth USA. Crop Science, 54, 1782-1795.
[10] Liu, K. (1997) Soybeans Chemistry, Technology, and Utilization. Chapman & Hall, New York.
[11] Temperly, R.J. and Borges, R. (2006) Tillage and Crop Rotation Impact on Soybean Grain Yield and Composition. Agronomy Journal, 98, 999-1004.
[12] Marais, A., Hardy, M., Booyse, M. and Botha, A. (2012) Effects of Monoculture, Crop Rotation, and Soil Moisture Content on Selected Soil Physicochemical and Microbial Parameters in Wheat Fields. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 2012, Article ID: 593623.
[13] Karlen, D.L., Varvel, G.E., Bullock, D.G. and Cruse, R.M. (1994) Crop Rotations for the 21st Century. Advances in Agronomy, 53, 1-45.
[14] Raimbault, B.A. and Vyn, T.J. (1991) Crop Rotation and Tillage Effects on Corn Growth and Soil Structural Stability. Agronomy Journal, 83, 979-985.
[15] Bremer, E., Janzen, H.H., Ellert, B.H. and McKenzie, R.H. (2008) Soil Organic Carbon after Twelve Years of Various Crop Rotations in an Aridic Boroll. Soil Science Society of American Journal, 72, 970-974.
[16] Tanaka, D.L., Anderson, R.L. and Rao, S.C. (2005) Crop Sequencing to Improve Use of Precipitation and Synergize Crop Growth. Agronomy Journal, 97, 385-390.
[17] Kaye, N.M., Mason, S.C., Jackson, D.S. and Galusha, T.D. (2007) Crop Rotation and Soil Amendments Alters Sorghum Grain Quality. Crop Science, 47, 722-727.
[18] Varvel, G.E. (2000) Crop Rotation and Nitrogen Effects on Normalized Grain Yields in a Long-Term Study. Agronomy Journal, 92, 938-941.
[19] Carpenter-Boggs, L., Pikul Jr., J.L., Vigil, M.F. and Riedell, W.E. (2000) Soil Nitrogen Mineralization Influenced by Crop Rotation and Nitrogen Fertilization. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64, 2038-2045.
[20] Copeland, P.J. and Crookston, R.K. (1992) Crop Sequence Affects Nutrient Composition of Corn and Soybean Grown under High Fertility. Agronomy Journal, 84, 503-509.
[21] Johnson, N.C., Copeland, P.J., Crookston, R.K. and Pfleger, F.L. (1992) Mycorrhizae: Possible Explanation for the Yield Decrease with Continuous Corn and Soybean. Agronomy Journal, 84, 387-390.
[22] MSUcares (2014)
[23] MSUcares (2014)
[24] Wilcox, J.R. and Shibles, R.M. (2001) Interrelationships among Seed Quality Attributes in Soybean. Crop Science, 41, 11-14.
[25] Bellaloui, N., Smith, J.R., Ray, J.D. and Gillen, A.M. (2009) Effect of Maturity on Seed Composition in the Early Soybean Production System as Measured on Near-Isogenic Soybean Lines. Crop Science, 49, 608-620.
[26] Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) (1990) Method 988.05. In: Helrich, K., Ed., Official Methods of Analysis, 15th Edition, AOAC, Arlington, VA, 70.
[27] Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) (1990) Method 920.39. In: Helrich, K., Ed., Official Methods of Analysis, 15th Edition, AOAC, Arlington, VA, 79.
[28] Boydak, E., Alpaslan, M., Hayta, M., Gercek, S. and Simsek, M. (2002) Seed Composition of Soybeans Grown in the Harran Region of Turkey as Affected by Row Spacing and Irrigation. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 50, 4718-4720.
[29] Lohse, G. (1982) Microanalytical Azomethine-H Method for Boron Determination in Plant Tissue. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 13, 127-134.
[30] Dordas, C., Apostolides, G.E. and Goundra, O. (2007) Boron Application Affects Seed Yield and Seed Quality of Sugar Beets. Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 145, 377-384.
[31] John, M.K., Chuah, H.H. and Neufeld, J.H. (1975) Application of Improved Azomethine-H Method to the Determination of Boron in Soils and Plants. Analytical Letters, 8, 559-568.
[32] Bandemer, S.L. and Schaible, P.J. (1944) Determination of Iron. A Study of the o-Phenanthroline Method. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Analytical Edition, 16, 317-319.
[33] Loeppert, R.L. and Inskeep, W.P. (1996) Colorimetric Determination of Ferrous Iron and Ferric Iron by the 1,10-phenanthroline Method. In: Bigham, J.M., Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis: Part 3, Chemical Methods, SSSA, Madison, WI, 659-661.
[34] Cavell, A.J. (1955) The Colorimetric Determination of Phosphorus in Plant Materials. Journal of the Science and Food and Agriculture, 6, 479-480.
[35] SAS (2001) SAS 9.1 TS Level 1M3, Windows Version. 5.1.2600. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
[36] MSUcares (2014) Home Page. Mississippi State Univ., Extension Services, Mississippi State.
[37] Hou, A., Chen, P., Alloatti, J., Li, D., Mozzoni, L., Zhang, B. and Shi, A. (2009) Genetic Variability of Seed Sugar Content in Worldwide Soybean Germplasm Collections. Crop Science, 49, 903-912.
[38] Hartwig, E.E., Kuo, T.M. and Kenty, M.M. (1997) Seed Protein and Its Relationship to Soluble Sugars in Soybean. Crop Science, 37, 770-773.
[39] Hymowitz, T., Collins, F.I., Panczar, J. and Walker, W.M. (1972) Relationship between the Content of Oil, Protein and Sugar in Soybean Seed. Agronomy Journal, 64, 613-616.
[40] Kerr, P.S. and Sebastian, A. (2000) Soybean Products with Improved Carbohydrate Composition and Soybean Plants. US Patent No. 6147193.
[41] Neus, J.D., Fehr, W.R. and Schnebly, S.R. (2005) Agronomic and Seed Characteristics of Soybean with Reduced Raffinose and Stachyose. Crop Science, 45, 589-592.
[42] Bellaloui, N., Smith, J.R., Gillen, A.M. and Ray, J.D. (2010) Effect of Maturity on Seed Sugars as Measured on Near-Isogenic Soybean (Glycine max) Lines. Crop Science, 50, 1978-1987.
[43] Bellaloui, N., Bruns, H.A., Gillen, A.M., Abbas, H.K., Zablotowicz, R.M., Mengistu, A. and Paris, R.L. (2010) Soybean Seed Protein, Oil, Fatty Acids, and Mineral Composition as Influenced by Soybean-Corn Rotation. Agricultural Sciences, 1, 102-109.
[44] Weaver, D.B. and Rod, R. (1995) Comparison of Crop Rotation and Fallow for Management of Heterodera glycines and Meloidogyne spp. in Soybean. The Journal of Nematology, 27, 585-591.
[45] Lamb, J.A., Peterson, G.A. and Fenster, C.R. (1985) Wheat Fallow Tillage Systems’ Effect on a Newly Cultivated Grassland Soils’ Nitrogen Budget. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 49, 352-356.
[46] Riedell, W.E., Pikul Jr., J.L., Jaradat, A.A. and Schumacher, T.E. (2009) Crop Rotation and Nitrogen Input Effects on Soil Fertility, Maize Mineral Nutrition, Yield, and Seed Composition. Agronomy Journal, 101, 870-879.
[47] Yusuf, R.I., Siemens, J.C. and Bullock, D.G. (1999) Growth Analysis of Soybean under No-Tillage and Conventional Tillage Systems. Agronomy Journal, 91, 928-933.
[48] Gao, J., Hao, X., Thelen, K.D. and Robertson, G.P. (2009) Agronomic Management System and Precipitation Effects on Soybean Oil and Fatty Acid Profiles. Crop Science, 49, 1049-1057.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2017 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.