FNS> Vol.5 No.15, August 2014

Nutritional Situation of Rural Communities in Nariño, Colombia 2013

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ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the nutritional situation by anthropometry of the rural families population aged 0 to 64 years in the municipalities of Pasto, Túquerres, Guachucal, Cumbal and Cuaspud in the Nari?o Department (Colombia). Materials and Methods: As part of the research “Improving potato production as a food security contribution of native communities in Nariño, Colombia”, aged October and December in 2013, an initial diagnosis of the food security situation in farmer families was conducted, through direct visits to the households selected in the sample, where in the household members, after standardization of field team, the anthropometric measures of weight and height were taken, using electronic scales, infantometers and stadiometers. Conclusions: A significant stunting was reported in children up to 7 years. In children aged 0 - 5 years group and children aged 5 - 17 years group, the results exceed by more than double the department data (according to National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia ENSIN 2010), and almost three times the national data. The underweight was generally low in all the analysed groups, although concerned the significant overweight percentage. In children aged 0 - 5 years group, the overweight data (above 2 SD) exceeded twice the department and national data according to the ENSIN 2010, although in the children aged 5 - 17 years group, the overweight and obesity was lower than the departmental and national data. In adults, the results reported that one of each two people in the range of 18 to 64 years in the five municipalities had excess weight (overweight or obesity) which was similar data respected to the department and national data. Additionally, it was noted that 18% of households were found among adults with overweight, and simultaneously, children with stunting, this situation has been called double burden of malnutrition and this is an aspect that must be analysed to identify intervention strategies.

Cite this paper

Matamoros, S. , Vásquez, T. , Higuera, E. and Vargas, A. (2014) Nutritional Situation of Rural Communities in Nariño, Colombia 2013. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5, 1521-1528. doi: 10.4236/fns.2014.515164.

References

[1] Social Protection Ministery, Colombian Family Welfare Institute, Health National Institutes (2010) National Survey of the Nutritional Situation in Colombia. ENSIN 2010.
[2] Contreras, M. (2014) Map of Municipalities Participating in the Study “Improving Potato Production as a Food Security Contribution of Native Communities in Nariño, Colombia”.
[3] WHO (2010) Whereby Were Taken the Growth Patterns Published by World Health Organization for Children and Adolescents Aged 0 to18 Years of Age.
[4] DANE (2005) National Population Census.
[5] Popkin, P. (1998) The Nutrition Transition and Its Health Implications in Low-Income Counttries. 5-21.
[6] Sánchez Abanto, J. (2012) Evolution of Chronic Malnutrition in Children under Five in Peru. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, 29, 40.
[7] Institute-Programme The World Food (2006) Survey Results of the Food and Nutrition Security in the Most Vulnerable Municipalities in Bolivia. La Paz.
[8] álvarez-Dongo, D., Sánchez-Abanto, J. and Gómez-Guizado, G. (2012) Overweight and Obesity: Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight in the Peruvian Population. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica, 29, 303-313.
[9] Ministry of Health of Colombia (2014) Monitoring Food and Nutrition Security in Colombia (OSAN), Approach to the Determinants of Dual Nutritional Burden in Colombia.

  
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