Detection of the Mex Efflux Pumps in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by Using a Combined Resistance-Phenotypic Markers and Multiplex RT-PCR

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmm.2014.43018    1,744 Downloads   2,360 Views   Citations


The aim of this study was to detect the expression of 4 clinically-important efflux pumps in the Resistance-Nodulation-Cell Division (RND) family including MexAB-OprM, MexXY, MexCD-OprJ and MexEF-OprN in Pseudomonas aeruginosa using a combination of resistance-phenotypic markers and multiplex RT-PCR (mRT-PCR). The antibiotic substrates specific for each Mex systems were used as phenotypic markers including carbenicillin, MexAB-OprM, erythromycin, MexCD-OprJ, norfloxacin and imipenem, MexEF-OprN and gentamicin, MexXY-OprM. The methods were validated with reference strains with known genotypes of the Mex systems and the potential applicability in clinical practice was tested with clinical isolates. The results for the reference strains support that the combination of resistance phenotype and mRT-PCR is a potential-attractive method for diagnosis of efflux-mediated resistance in P. aeruginosa. Further development to make it more practical for clinical use and study in a larger number of clinical isolates is required.

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Poonsuk, K. and Chuanchuen, R. (2014) Detection of the Mex Efflux Pumps in Pseudomonas aeruginosa by Using a Combined Resistance-Phenotypic Markers and Multiplex RT-PCR. Open Journal of Medical Microbiology, 4, 153-160. doi: 10.4236/ojmm.2014.43018.


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