PSYCH> Vol.5 No.10, August 2014

When It Helps, When It Hurts: Preliminary Results of Relationship Enhancement Education and The Hold Me Tight Program

DownloadDownload as PDF (Size:2485KB)  HTML    PP. 1254-1259  

ABSTRACT

Relationship education such as self-help and group interventions may be helpful for couples seeking to improve their relationships. This outcome study sought to provide preliminary data on the effectiveness of two interventions for couples, comparing the self-help book Hold Me Tight: Seven Conversations for a Lifetime of Love, to the 8-week relationship course, The Hold Me Tight Program: Conversations for Connection, which includes reading the book at home. Results suggest that reading the book alone may lead to positive change, attending the course in addition to reading the book may not result in as much change, and that participation in the course may have a potentially negative effect for less happy couples in the area of dyadic consensus. Results signify the importance of further research to understand the potential benefits as well as iatrogenic effects of relationship education.

Cite this paper

Fisher, A. , Stokey, M. , Sasaki, H. & Sexton, T. (2014). When It Helps, When It Hurts: Preliminary Results of Relationship Enhancement Education and The Hold Me Tight Program. Psychology, 5, 1254-1259. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.510137.

References

[1] Bodenmann, G., & Shantinath, S. D. (2004). The Couples Coping Enhancement Training (CCET): A New Approach to Prevention of Marital Distress Based upon Stress and Coping. Family Relations, 53, 477-484.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00056.x
[2] Bout, J., Sytema, S., & Rankin, J. (2008). The Monster in between: Working with Couples in Intensives Group Treatment. Journal of Family Psychotherapy, 19, 157-169.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08975350801904981
[3] Chambless, D. L., & Ollendick, T. H. (2001). Empirically Supported Psychological Interventions: Controversies and Evidence. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 685-716.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.685
[4] Crawford, M. (2004). Mars and Venus Collide: A Discursive Analysis of Marital Self-Help Psychology. Feminism & Psychology, 14, 63-79.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0959353504040305
[5] Cummings, E. M., Faircloth, W. B., Mitchell, P. M., Cummings, J. S., & Schermerhorn, A. C. (2008). Evaluating a Brief Prevention Program for Improving Marital Conflict in Community Families. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 193-202.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0893-3200.22.2.193
[6] Daire, A. P., Harris, S. M., Carlson, R. G., Munyon, M. D., Rappleyea, D. L., Beverly, M. G., & Hiett, J. (2012). Fruits of Improved Communication: The Experiences of Hispanic Couples in a Relationship Education Program. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 11, 112-129.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15332691.2012.666498
[7] DeMaria, R. M. (2005). Distressed Couples and Marriage Education. Family Relations, 54, 242-253.
[8] Dorian, M. (2009). Hold Me Tight [Review of the Book Hold Me Tight: Seven Conversations for a Lifetime of Love, by S. M. Johnson]. The Family Psychologist, 25.
[9] Doss, B. D., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., & Markman, H. J. (2009). Marital Therapy, Retreats, and Books: The Who, What, When, and Why of Relationship Help-Seeking. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 35, 18-29.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2008.00093.x
[10] Ellis, A. (1993). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Self-Help Therapy Materials. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 24, 335-339.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.24.3.335
[11] Gardner, S. P., Giese, K., & Parrott, S. M. (2004). Evaluation of the “Connections: Relationship and Marriage” Curriculum. Family Relations, 53, 521-527.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00061.x
[12] Gottman, J. M. (1999). The Marriage Clinic: A Scientifically Based Marital Therapy. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
[13] Halford, W. K., Moore, E., Wilson, K. L., Farrugia, C., & Dyer, C. (2004). Benefits of Flexible Delivery Relationship Education: An Evaluation of the Couple CARE Program. Family Relations, 53, 469-476.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00055.x
[14] Halliday, G. (1991). Psychological Self-Help Books: How Dangerous Are They? Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 28, 678-680.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.28.4.678
[15] Hawkins, A. J., Blanchard, V. L., Baldwin, S. A., & Fawcett, E. B. (2008). Does Marriage and Relationship Education Work? A Meta-Analytic Study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76, 723-734.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012584
[16] Jacobson, N. S., & Truax, P. (1991). Clinical Significance: A Statistical Approach to Defining Meaningful Change in Psychotherapy Research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 12-19.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.59.1.12
[17] Jakubowski, S. F., Milne, E. P., Brunner, H., & Miller, R. B. (2004). A Review of Empirically Supported Marital Enrichment Programs. Family Relations, 53, 528-536.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00062.x
[18] Johnson, S. (2008). Hold Me Tight: Seven Conversations for a Lifetime of Love. New York: Little, Brown and Company.
[19] Johnson, S. (2010). The Hold Me Tight Program: Conversations for Connection. Ottawa, ON: International Centre for Excellence in Emotionally Focused Therapy.
[20] Johnson, S., Hunsley, J., Greenberg, L., & Schindler, D. (1999). Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy: Status & Challenges (A Meta-Analysis). Journal of Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 6, 67-79.
[21] Long, E. C. J., Angera, J. J., Carter, S. J., Nakamoto, M., & Kalso, M. (1999). Understanding the One You Love: A Longitudinal Assessment of an Empathy Training Program for Couples in Romantic Relationships. Family Relations, 48, 235-242.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/585632
[22] Mains, J. A., & Scogin, F. R. (2003). The Effectiveness of Self-Administered Treatments: A Practice-Friendly Review of the Research. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59, 237-246.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.10145
[23] Makinen, J. A., & Johnson, S. M. (2006). Resolving Attachment Injuries in Couples Using Emotionally Focused Therapy: Steps toward Forgiveness and Reconciliation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 1055-1064.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.74.6.1055
[24] Norcross, J. C., Santrock, J. W., Campbell, L. F., Smith, T. P., Sommer, R., & Zuckermann, E. L. (2000). Authoritative Guide to Self-Help Resources in Mental Health. New York: The Guilford Press.
[25] Norcross, J. C., Santrock, J. W., Campbell, L. F., Smith, T. P., Sommer, R., & Zuckerman, E. L. (2003). Authoritative Guide to Self-Help Resources in Mental Health. New York: The Guilford Press.
[26] Ooms, T., & Wilson, P. (2004). The Challenges of Offering Relationship and Marriage Education to Low-Income Populations. Family Relations, 53, 440-447.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0197-6664.2004.00052.x
[27] Pomeroy, E. C., Green, D. L., & Van Laningham, L. (2002). Couples Who Care: The Effectiveness of a Psychoeducational Group Intervention for HIV Serodiscordant Couples. Research on Social Work Practice, 12, 238-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/104973150201200203
[28] Rempel, J. K., Holmes, J. G., & Zanna, M. P. (1985). Trust in Close Relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 95-112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.49.1.95
[29] Rosen, G. M. (1993). Self-Help or Hype? Comments on Psychology’s Failure to Advance Self-Care. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 24, 340-345.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.24.3.340
[30] Sells, J. N., Giordano, F. G., & King, L. (2002). A Pilot Study in Marital Group Therapy: Process and Outcome. The Family Journal, 10, 156-166.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1066480702102005
[31] Spanier, G. B. (1976). Measuring Dyadic Adjustment: New Scales for Assessing the Quality of Marriage and Similar Dyads. Journal of Marriage and Family, 38, 15-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/350547
[32] Sytema, S., & Bout, J. (2006). Treatment Outcome of an Inpatient Group Therapy for Couples. Journal of Family Therapy, 28, 392-403.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6427.2006.00360.x
[33] Wetzler, S., Frame, S., & Litzinger, S. (2011). Marriage Education for Clinicians. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 65, 311-336.
[34] Wilson, D. M., & Cash, T. F. (2000). Who Reads Self-Help Books? Development and Validation of the Self-Help Reading Attitudes Survey. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 119-129.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00182-8
[35] Wood, N. D., Crane, D. R., Schaalje, G. B., & Law, D. D. (2005). What Works for Whom: A Meta-Analytic Review of Marital and Couples Therapy in Reference to Marital Distress. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 33, 273-287.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01926180590962147

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2014 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.