OJPM> Vol.4 No.8, August 2014

Clinician Utilization of Best Practices for HIV Care and Status Disclosure: A Cross-Sectional Study

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ABSTRACT


Determining the baseline utilization of best practices among clinicians, with regard to HIV care and disclosure of status to at-risk partners, is critical to addressing HIV prevention issues and disease transmission. In this study, we examined clinicians' utilization of best practices for HIV/AIDS care and the disclosure of HIV status to sexual and needle-sharing partners (HSSNSP). We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 100 clinicians to assess knowledge, attitude, and behavior towards best practices for HIV care and disclosure of HSSNSP. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with the utilization of clinical best practices for HIV care and disclosure of HSSNSP. Forty eight percent of the participants revealed poor behaviors. Fifty six percent showed less positive attitudes towards clinical best practices for HIV care and disclosure of status. Less than half (32%) of the participants had earned at least 1 HIV/AIDS CME credit in the past two years. Our study showed strong associations between the utilization of best practices for HIV care and the disclosure of status, and clinician attitudes and knowledge levels. Further research that aims to improve knowledge and attitudes on clinical best practices for providing HIV/AIDS care and the disclosure of status is needed. This improvement may lead to increase in the utilization of best practices for HIV care and disclosure of status, and contribute to decreases in disease transmission rates.


Cite this paper

Ede, V. , Yancey, E. , Stringer, H. , Willock, R. and Strayhorn, G. (2014) Clinician Utilization of Best Practices for HIV Care and Status Disclosure: A Cross-Sectional Study. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 649-658. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.48074.

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